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chapter 6 worldpower

social studies

TermDefinition
Alaska purchased from Russian for 2 cents per acre, for a totle of 7.2 million dollars. Important natural resources were fur trade fishing, timber, and gold.Became the 49th state
Hawaii gave the U.s a presencein the pacificocean and eventually a military base. Became the 50th state
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news. it sold more papers and gave greater political power because it was a way of controlling voyersopinions
USS MAINE battleship sent by president william mckinley in 1898 to cuba's havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in cuba during cuba's revolution from spanish rule. An explosion destroyed the ship killing 260 Americans. U.s newspaper reported
USS MAINE part 2 that spain caused the explosion but no one new it was maine!
spanish american war The Spanish–American War was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volutered to fight.
theodore roosevelt was assistant secretary of the navy but left his job to orginize a group of volunters soliders to fight . he became a hero and was a president
panama canal opened on august 15 1914, used for shipping, 50 miles long. ships could have move from one end to another in 9 hours instead of having to sail around cape horn for 2 months.
progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by buisnesses and to improve the way government worked
muckrakers progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck", shameful conditions in business and others areas of American life
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magizines articles about the standerd Oil company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling the market. Her articles helped convince Rossevelt to be a trust buster and led to the shermean Artitrust Act.
Trust companies join togethere to form groups that control whole industries. monopolies were only one company controlling the market, trustare groups. like monopolies they had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices
Upton sinclair wrote a novel called the jungle exposion conditions in the meat packing industtry. helped convience roosevelt to pass the meat inspection Act and the pure food and Drug act
blue laws laws desinged to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy acoholic drinks on sunday
rough riders a group of cowboys, native americans, college athletes, and weathly new yorkers led by therodore rossevelt in the spanish american war
buffalo soldiers units of experienced african americsns soldiers who got their name from fighting against the native americans on the great plains
san juan hill july 1, 1898 american troops defeated the spanish troops at the battle of san juan hill the rough riders and buffalo soldiers joined with other troops there
August 1898 the U.S and spain sign a treaty to end the spanish americn war
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
walter reed a docter who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself
three problems 1. united states had to get control of land for the panama canal solution: backed by the US panama gained independence and agreed to let the US build the canal
three problems part2 2. diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of panama solution: areas of standing water were drainded and the mosquitoes went down so did the cases of disease
the problems part3 3. mountains, swamps, and mud of the panama made it hard to dig in the canal solution: john stevens brought in more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and
the problems part3 part2 lower ships.
16 amendment 1913 started income tax-tax on money earned from work or investmenst. money to be used to pay for reforms and other government projects
conservation proteccting something from being destroyed or used up
john muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation worked with roosevelt to establish a national park system
world war 1 from 1914-1919. called the "war to end all wars"
nationalism a love of one's contry and desire to have that contry free from the control of others
central powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman empire (Turkey), Bulgaria
Allied powers United kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia,U.S, Russia
alliance an agreedment among nations to defends one another in case of attack
isolationism a contry prefers to remain neutral (not pick sides) and let other contries handle their own issues
woodrow wilson presidents during WW1. formed the 14 points plan for the armistice agreement and proposed the legue of nations
eddie rickenbacker one of the first US fighter pilots to be an "ace"
legue of nations an international orginization formed to prevent wars
treaty of Versailles ended WW1. punished the central powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuilt its army
Created by: 00061013R2