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Ch. 6 World Power

Alaska 49th state purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre
Hawaii gave the U.S a presence in the Pacific Ocean, 50th state
annex when a larger country protects or supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggeration reporting of news. It sold more papers and gave greater political power because it was a way of voters' opinions
USS Maine a battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1988 to Cuba's Havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba during Cuba's revolution from Spanish Americans
Spanish American War congress declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight. Established the Us World Power
Theodore ( Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. Became a hero and later became the President of the US
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Teddy Roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers units of experienced African American soldiers who fought against the Native Americans on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill July 1st ,1898 American troops defeated Spanish troops in the battle of San Juan hill.
August 1898 U.S and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish American War
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered mosquitoes were carrying many diseases and tested hos theory on himself
Three Problems #1 United States had to get control on the panama canal
Three problems #2
Three Problems #3 mountains, swamps , and mud of the Panama made it hard to dig the canal
Panama Canal opened on August 15, 1914 Used for shipping decreased shipping travel from 2 months to 9 hours
musckrackers progressives who wrote about the shameful areas and businesses of American life
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Company and the dangers of monopolies
Trust companies join together to form groups that control industries
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions of the meat packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the Meat inspection act along with the Pure food and Drug Act
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic beverages on Sunday
16th Amendment 1913- to start Income Tax- tax on money earned from work or investments
Conservation protection of something from being used up or destroyed
John Muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt for the National Park services
WWI 1914-1919. Called the "war to end all wars"
Nationalism a love of one country and desire to have that country from the control of others
Central Powers Germany, Austria, Hungary, Ottoman Empire ( Turkey) , Bulgaria
Allied Powers UK, France, Italy, Belgium,Serbia,U.S, Russia
alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral( not pick sides) and let the other countries handle their own issues
Woodrow Wilson President during WWI formed the 14 points plan
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the Us fighter pilot to be an ace
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versailles ended WWI
Created by: 00020650r2



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