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Ch. 6 World Power

Social studies

TermDefinition
Alaska 2 cents an acre 7.2 million dollars. Good for fishing, fur trade, timber, and gold. 49th state
Hawaii Military base 50th state
annex A larger country protects a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false and exaggerated reporting in the news
USS Maine A battle ship sent by president McKinley to Cuba's Havana harbor during Cuba's revolution against Spain. The ship was exploded and 260 Americans
Spanish American war Congress declared war on Spain on April, 25, 1898. One million Americans volunteered to fight. The U.S. was now a world power
Theodore [Teddy] Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the navy. Left to find volunteer soldiers. Elected predident
Panama Canal 50 miles long Used for shipping. Opened on August 15,1914
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses to improve the way the government work
muckrackers progressive writers who uncover what some people saw as "muck"
ida Tarnbell wrote in newspapers about the dangers of the standard oil monopoly
trust companies join together to to control whole industries. monopolies were only one company and trusts were groups
Upton Sinclair wrote a journal called "The Jungle" exposing conditions in meat packing industries, causing the meat inspection act
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays
Rough Riders A group of cowboys, native Americans, collage athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish American war
Buffalo Soldiers Units of experienced African Americans that got the name when fighting the Native Americans on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill American troops defeated the Spanish troops here on July 1, 1889
August 1889 The US and Spanish sign a treaty to end the Spanish American War
Isthmus Narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested it on himself
The United States needs to get control of land for the panama canal backed by the US panama gained independence and agreed to let the US build the canal
Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in hot wet areas like panama areas with standing water were drained and mosquito population went down and so did cases of disease
mountains, swamps, and mud of panama made it hard to dig the canal John Stevens brought more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lowerships
16th amendment started income tax
conservation preventing something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system
World war 1 from 1914-1919 called the war to end all wars
Nationalism a love for ones country and desire to be free from the control of others
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire [Turkey], Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral
Woodrow Wilson President during World War 1 formed the 14 points plan
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the first fighter pilots to become an ace
League of nations an international organization made to prevent wars
Treaty of versitiles ended World War 1 punished central powers and demanded Germany to pay a large fine and not rebuild it's army
Created by: 00020442r2
 

 



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