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Ch. 6 World Power

TermDefinition
Alaska Purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre, for a total of 7.2 million dollars. Important natural resources were fur trade, fishing, timber, and gold
Hawaii Gave the U.S. a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. Became 50th state
Annex When a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
Yellow Journalism False or exaggerated reporting in the news. It sold more papers and gave greater power because it was a way of controlling voters' opinions
USS Maine Battleship sent by president William McKinley in 1898 to Cuba's Havana harbor to protect Americans and property of them in Cuba during Cuba's revolution from Spanish rule. An explosion destroyed the ship killing 260 Americans
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans Volunteered to fight. Established the U.S. as a world power
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected President or the United States
Rough Riders A group of Cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New yorkers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War
Buffalo Soldiers Units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against the Native Americans on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The Rough Riders and the Buffalo Soldiers joined with other troop there
August 1898 The U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed A doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself
Three Problems 1. United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal Solution: Backed by the U.S. Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S. build the Canal
Three Problems P2 2. Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in hot wet areas of Panama Solution: Area of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of disease
Three Problem P3 3. Mountains , swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal Solution: John Stevens Brought in more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships
Panama Canal Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around cape horn which was a two month trip
Progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way government worked
Muckrakers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck" shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life
Ida Tarbell Wrote a series of magazine articles about the standard oil company and the dangers of trust and monopolies controlling the market. Her articles helped convince Roosevelt to be a "trust-buster" and led to the Sherman antitrust act
Trust Companies join together to for groups that control whole industries. Monopolies were only one company controlling the market, trust are groups. Like monopolies, they had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices
Upton Sinclair Wrote a novel called "The Jungle" exposing conditions in the meat-packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the Meat Inspection As and the Pure Food and Drug Act
Blue Laws Laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks o Sundays
16th Amendment 1913-started Income Tax- Tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used to pay for reforms and other government projects
Conservation Protecting something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir A naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system
World War 1 From 1914-1919. Called the "war to end all wars"
Nationalism A love of one's country and a desire to have that country free from the control of others
Central Powers Germany, Atria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
Alliance An Agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack
Isolationism A country prefers to remain neutral(not pick sides) and let other countries handle their own issues
Woodrow Wilson President during WWI. Formed 14 points plan for the armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations
Eddie Rickenbacker One of the first U.S. fighter pilot to be an "ace"
League of Nations An international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versalles Ended WWI. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army
Created by: 00065970r2
 

 



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