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Chapter 6 world powe

social studies

Alaska Purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre, for a total of 7.2 million dollars.
Hawaii Gave the U.S. a presence in Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base.
Annex When a larger country protects a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation.
Yellow Journalism It sold more papers and gave grater political power because it was a way of controlling voters opinions.
USS Maine Battleship sent by President William Mckinley in 1898 to Cuba's Havana harbor to protect the lives of Americans.
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on the Span on April 25, 1898.
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group volunteer soldiers to fight .
Rough Riders A group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers in the Spanish American war.
Buffalo Soldiers Units of experience African Americans who got their name from fighting against the Native Americans on the Great Plains.
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898 American trooper defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
August 1898 The U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish American war.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land the connects two larger areas.
Walter Reed A doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself.
Three Problems United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal.
Three Problems Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of Panama.
Three Problems Mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the Canal.
Three Problems John Stevens Brought in more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships.
Panama Canal Opened on August 15, 1914. Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could moved from one end of the canal to the other canal.
Progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way government worked.
Muckrakers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as muck shameful conditions in other areas of American life.
Ida Tarbell Wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil company and the danger trusts and monopolies controlling the market .
Trust Companies join together to form groups that control whole industries.
Upton Sinclair Wrote a novel called the Jungle exposing conditions in the meat packing industry.
Blue Laws Laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays.
16th Amendment 1913 started income tax -tax on money earned from work or investments.
Conservation Protecting something from being destroyed or used up.
John Muir A naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation.
World War 1 From 1914-1919 called the war to all ends.
Nationalism A love of one' s country and a desire to have that country free from the control of others.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire Turkey Bulgaria.
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia U.S Turkey Bulgaria.
Alliance An agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack.
Isolatationism A country prefers to remain neutral not pick sides and let other countries handle their own issues.
Woodrow Wilson President during WW 1.
Eddie Rickenbacker One of the U.S. fighter pilot to be an ace.
League of Nations An international organization formed to prevent wars.
Treaty of Versailles Ended WW 1. Punished the central powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army.
Created by: 00021468R