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Ch. 6 World Power

TermDefinition
Alaska purchased from Russia for a total of 7.2 million dollars. Became the 49th state.
Hawaii gave the Us a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. Became the 50th state.
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news. It sold
USS Maine
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25,1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight. Established the U.S. as world power.
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected President of the United States.
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native American, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Roosevelt in the Spanish-American war
Buffalo Soldiers units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against the Native Americans on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill July 1,1898-American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The Rough Riders and the Buffalo Soldiers joined with other troops there.
August 1898 the U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself
Panama Canal opened in August 14, 1914. Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around Cape Horn-a two month trip
Progressives reformers who worked to top unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way government worked
muckrakers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck", shameful conditions in business and other areas of American Life.
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about Standard Oil Company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling the market. Her articles helped convince Roosevelt to be a "trust-buster" and led to the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Trust companies join together to form groups that control whole industries. Monopolies were only one company controlling the market,trusts are groups. Like monopolies, they had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices.
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat-packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against
16th Amendment 1913-started Income Tax-tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used to pay reforms and other government projects.
Conservation protecting something from being destroyed or used up.
John Muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system.
World War 1 from 1914-1919. Called the "war to end all wars"
Nationalism a love of one's country and desire to have that country free from the control of others.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral (not pick sides) and let other countries handle their own issues
Woodrow Wilson President during WWI. Formed the 14 Points pan for the armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations.
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the first U.S. fighter pilot to be an "ace'
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versailles Ended WWI. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army
Three Problems
Created by: 00050985R2