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Chapter 6 World Powe

Social Studies

TermDefinition
Alaska purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre ( 7.2 million dollars), natural resources fur trade, fishing, timber, and gold. 49th State.
Hawaii gave the U.S a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. 50th State.
Annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation.
Yellow Journalism false/exaggerated reporting in the news, sold more papers and gave greater political power because it was a way of controlling voters' opinions.
USS Maine battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1898 to Cubes's Havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba during Cuba's revolution from Spanish rule.
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25,1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight. Established the U.S as a world power.
Theodore ( Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected President of the U.S .
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish -American War.
Buffalo Soldiers units of experienced African American soldiers who geot their name from fighting against the Native Americans on the Great Plains.
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The Rough Riders and the Buffalo Soldiers joined with other troops there.
August 1898 the U.S and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War.
Isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas.
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself.
Three Poblems United States had to get control of land for Panama Canal, Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were int eh hot wet areas of Panama, Mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the Canal.
Solutions of Three Poblems backed by the U.S Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S buld the canal, areas of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of diseases, John Stevens brought in more workers and improved living
Other Solutions of Three Poblems conditions for them , built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships.
Panama Canal opened on August 15, 1914 , Used for shopping, 50 miles long, Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around Cape Horn- a two month trip.
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair pratices by businesses and to improve the way government worked
Muckrackers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as " muck", shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.
Ida Tarbell wrote series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling the market. Her articles helped convince Roosevelt to be a "trust-buster" and led to the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Trust companies join together to form groups that control whole industries. Monopolies were only one company controlling the market, trusts are groups. Like monopolies, they had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices.
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in thwe meat-packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.
Blue Laws law designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to but alcoholic drinks on Sundays
16th Amendment 1913- started income Tax- tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used to pay for reforms and other government projects.
Conversation protecting something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir a naturalists and writer who had a great impact on conversation. Worked with Roosevelt to established a national Park system
World War 1 from 1914-1919. Called the " war to end all wars".
Nationalism a love of one's country and desire to have that country free from the control of others.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S, Russia
Alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack.
Isolation a country prefers to remain neutral ( not pick sides) and let other countries handle their own issues.
Woodrow Wilson President during WW1. Formed the 14 points plan for the armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the first U.S fighter pilot to be an " ace".
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars.
Treaty of Versailles ended WW1. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay large fine and not rebuild its army.
Created by: 00019839r2
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