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Ch. 6 world power

Social Studies

Alaska Became the 49th state
Hawii gave the U.S. a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. Became the 50th state
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism it sold more papers and gave greater political power because it was a way of controlling voters' opinions
USS Maine battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1898
Spanish-American War congress declared war on spain on April 25, 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight.
Theodore (Teddy) Roodevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight.
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Theodore Rosevelt
Buffalo Soldiers units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting againdt the Native Americans.
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-American troops defeated the spanish troops at the battle of San Juan Hill
August 1898 the U.S. and spain sighn a treaty to end the Spanish-American War
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself
Three Problems #1 United states hadd to get control of land for the Panama Canal
Three Problems #2 deseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of panama
Three Problems #3 mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal
Panama Canal used for shipping, 50 mils long. ships could move from one end of the anal to the other in 9 hours
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way government worked
muckrakers progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck", shameful conditions in busness
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies
Trust companies join together to form groups that control whole industries
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat-packing industry
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays
16th Amendment 1913 - started income tax - tax on money earned from work or investments
Conservation protecting something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system
World War 1 from 1914 - 1919. Called the "war to end all wars"
Nationalism a love of one`s counntry and a desire to have that country free from the control of others
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottman Emmpire (Turkey), Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral (not pick sides) and let other countries handle their own issues
Woodrow Wilson President during WW1. Formed the 14 Points plan for the armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the first U.S. fighter pilot to be an "ace"
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versailles ended WW1. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army
Created by: 00022530r2



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