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Klabunde unit 9

World History11-Renaissance

Most common people during the Renaissance period were illiterate (unable to read)
Martin Luther believed that humans gain salvation through faith ALONE... The Catholic Church believed salvation was gained through faith AND good works
Edict of Worms: made Martin Luther an outlaw
Lutheranism: first Protestant faith
Peace of Augsburg: formally accepted the division of Christianity in Germany
Who established the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits? Ignatius of Loyola
Martin Luther's Ninety-five Thesis: attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation.
Final decrees of the Council of Trent: reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs
Renaissance: began in Italy, and means rebirth
Medici family: bankers from Florence and became patrons of the arts
The printing press: innovated by Johann Gutenberg; NOT an advantage of making Italy the birthplace of the Renaissance
Vernacular: Common language
John Calvin: started a church in Switzerland; predetination
95 Thesis: Written by Martin Luther and posted on Church door. It attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation.
Niccolo Machiavelli: wrote The Prince, his name has come to describe any crafty or deceitful action
Anabaptist: cannot hold office or bear arms, Amish
Patron: person who commissions an artist to create
Be familiar with Niccolo Machiavelli, his writing of The Prince and how it applies to the politics in America; 2 grievances written by Martin Luther in his 95 Thesis and how the Church responded during the Counter Reformation
Artwork by Michelangelo, Raphael, Jan Van Eyck
Created by: maplelakesped