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Unit 1

World in 1500

Ottoman Empire spanned Southeast Europe/the Balkans, North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia in 1500
China dominant mainland empire/nation of East Asia in 1500
Japan powerful archipelago of East Asia in 1500
Songhai large West African Empire in 1500
paper, silk, porcelain, & compass Chinese exports in 1500
textiles, Indian/Arabic numerals Indian exports in 1500
astronomy, mathematics, coffee, ceramic, & medicine Ottoman/Middle Eastern exports in 1500
Islam religion of the Ottoman, Persian, and Mughal rulers
Hinduism religion of the citizens of Mughal India
textiles, spices, & gems trade goods of Southern India
Muhammad primary prophet of Islam
Quran/Koran holy text of Islam/Muslims
5 Pillars fundamental rules of the Islamic Faith
Mecca & Medina Holiest cities of the Islamic religion-birthplace of Islam & sanctuary city of Muhammad
Siddhartha Gautama Buddhism was founded on his teachings
Asoka Indian Emperor who spread Buddhist teachings with stupas and missionaries
Four Noble Truths & Eightfold Path way by which Buddhists achieve Enlightenment
Hindu monism belief there are many forms/manifestations of one God
Karma knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences during the next life
reincarnation Hindu belief in rebirth based upon karma
Silk Road/Routes Trade route connecting East Asia to Europe through Ottoman controlled lands
Trans-Saharan Routes North African caravan trade routes
South China Sea and Southeast Asia Routes maritime routes connecting China to places like Vietnam and Indonesia
Indian Ocean Routes Maritime trade routes connecting India (the Mughals & Southern Asia) with Southeast Asia, Indonesia, & sometimes Africa
Vedas Holy books of the Hindu faith
caste system hierarchical system of religious and social segregation which organized Hindu society
monotheism belief in one god
polytheism belief in many gods
Judaism first major monotheistic religion in the world
Torah The religious text of the Jews & the Old Testament of Christians
Ten Commandments foundation code of conduct of Jews revealed by Moses in the Torah
Christianity religious offshoot of Judaism
Bible religious text of Christianity containing the Old and New Testament
Jesus the messiah, savior, and son of God for Christians-basis of New Testament
location of the five themes of geography-designates where a place is by description or coordinate
place of the five themes of geography-describes the unique physical and human features of a small geographic area
region of the five themes of geography-describes the physical and human characteristics that unify a large geographical area
movement of the five themes of geography-describes how and where ideas,people, and diseases diffuse
people environment interactions of the five themes of geography-describes the interactions between people and the natural world
Created by: MusngiJD21