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Unit 1

The World in 1500

What was the Ottoman Empire? The Ottoman Empire spanned Southeast Europe/the Balkans, North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia in 1500
What was China? China was a dominant mainland empire/nation of East Asia in 1500
What was Japan? Japan was a powerful archipelago of East Asia in 1500
What was the Songhai? Songhai was a large West African Empire in 1500
What were some Chinese exports in the 1500s? Paper, silk, porcelain , and compasses
What were some Indian exports in the 1500s? Textiles, Indian/Arabic numerals
What were some Ottoman/Middle Eastern exports in 1500? Astronomy, mathematics, coffee, ceramic, and medicine
What is Islam? Islam is the religion of the Ottoman, Persian, and Mughal rulers
What is Hinduism? Hinduism is the religion of the citizens of Mughal India
What were trade goods of Southern India? Textiles, spices, and gems
Who is Muhammad? The primary prophet of Islam
What is the Quran/Koran? The holy text of Islam/Muslims
What is the 5 Pillars? The fundamental rules of the Islamic faith
What is the Mecca and Medina? The holiest cities of the Islamic religion-birthplace of Islam and sanctuary city of Muhammad
Who is Siddhartha Gautama? Buddhism was founded on his teachings
Who is Asoka? An Indian Emperor who spread Buddhist teachings with stupas and missionaries
What is the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path? A way by which Buddhists achieve Enlightment
What is the Hindu monism? A belief that there are many forms/maifestations of one God
What is Karma? The knowledge that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences during the next life
What is reincarnation? A Hindu belief in rebirth based upon karma
What are the Silk Road/Routes? The trade route connecting East Asia to Europe through Ottoman controlled lands
What are the Trans-Saharan Routes? The North African caravan trade routes
What are the South China Sea and Southeast Asia routes? The maritime routes connecting China to places like Vietnam and Indonesia
What are the Indian Ocean Routes? The maritime trade routes connecting India (the Mughals and Southern Asia) with Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and sometimes Africa
What are Vedas? The Holy books of the Hindu faith
What is the caste system? The hierarchical system of religious and social segregation which organized Hindu society
What is monotheism? A belief of one God
What is polytheism? Belief in many gods
What is Judaism? The first major monotheistic religion in the world
What is the Torah? The religious text of the Jews and the Old Testament of Christians
What are the Ten Commandments? A foundational code of conduct of Jews revealed by Moses in the Torah
What is Christianity? Religious offshoot of Judaism
What is the Bible? The religious text of Christianity containing the Old and New Testament
Who is Jesus? He is the messiah, savior, and son of God for Christians-basis of New Treatment
What is location? One of the five themes of geography-designates where a place is by description or coordinate
What is place? One of the five themes of geography-describes the unique physical and human features of a small geographic area
What is region? One of the five themes of geography-describes the physical and human characteristics that unify a large geographical area
What is movement? One of the five themes of geography-describes how and where ideas, people, and diseases diffuse
What are people environment interactions? One of the five themes of geography-describes the interactions between people and the natural world
Created by: cindyduong



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