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Social Studies 2

Compromise : an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side giving up something
Ratify : Approve
Articles of Confederation (significance & weaknesses) What is the major difference between the Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution First written law of the United States : no common currency, no way for federal government to tax, IT WAS WEAK!!!. The US Constitution crated a stronger Central Government
Shay’s Rebellion (Significance) Shays’ Rebellion worried many Americans. They saw it as a sign that the Articles of Confederation did not work.
Constitutional Convention (When? Where? & Why?) May 1787, at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, goal was to change the Articles of Confederation however, they decided to throw it out and start from scratch…
Virginia Plan Representation will be Based on POPULATION
New Jersey Plan Representation will be EQUAL for all states
Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) 2 Houses of Congress 1 House based on Population (House of Representatives) 1 house gives equal representation to all states (Senate)
3/5 Compromise 5 slaves will equal 3 people or 1 slave =3/5 of a person
Slave Trade Compromise Issue = Should the importation of slaves continue? North wanted = Foreign slave trade should stop. South wanted = Foreign slave trade should continue. Compromise = Congress could not outlaw the slave trade for 20 years.
Federalist & Anti-Federalist(What did each side want to see happen with the Constitution?) : The Federalists were those in FAVOR of the ratification of the Constitution. The Anti- Federalists were those OPPOSED of the ratification of the Constitution
Federalist Papers A series of eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in the late 1780s to persuade the voters of New York to adopt the Constitution.
Popular Sovereignty - the governments right to rule come from the people
Limited Government the government has only the powers that the Constitution gives to it
Separation of Powers -the Constitution divides the government into three branches:
Congress -legislative branch makes laws
Checks and Balances -each branch of government has the power to check or limit the actions of the other two
Federalism -division of power between the federal government and the states
President -executive branch carries out the laws
Courts -judicial branch explains and interprets the laws
Republicanism - citizens elect representatives to carry out their will
Individual Rights -The Constitution protects individual rights such as freedom of speech, freedom religion etc
Created by: aleahy004
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