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Team 1 SS Test

Middle East/Syria/9/11 Test (2/15)

One of the three promises regarding the region of Palestine was the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence, which said that if _____ revolt against Ottomans during WWI, Britain will support independence of Palestine, Transjordan, Syria, and Iraq Arabs
One of the three promises regarding the region of Palestine was the Balfour Declaration, which said that Britain announces support for establishment of national home for ______ people in Palestine. Jewish
One of the three promises regarding the region of Palestine was the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which was a deal between Britain and France to carve up the ____ province of the Ottoman Empire and divide control of the region. Arab
Why did the Palestinians feel betrayed by the British? They were furious at Great Britain because the British wanted to give Jews a home in Palestine
Why did the Zionists feel betrayed by the British? They felt betrayed by British attempts to limit migration.
The United Nations Partition Plan of 1947 made the Israeli/Palestinian land into (one/two) country(ies) Two
According to the United Nations Partition Plan of 1947, who would control Jerusalem? The United Nations
The United Nations Partition Plan of 1947 was accepted by the ____, but rejected by the _____. Jews; Arabs
What happened immediately after Israel was declared a nation? 1948 War
In the 1948 war, Israel was attacked by ___(number) Arabs nations. Six
The diaspora of Palestinians from their homeland in 1948 was also known as _____. Nabka
According to Palestinians, Nabka was the "___________" Catastrophe
According to the Israelis, what the Palestinians called Nabka was their War of ____________. Independence
The 1967 war is lasted for ___ days, thus being also known as the ___ ___ ___. Six; Six Day War
The 1967 war started when ______ believed that its neighbors were preparing for war. Israel
On June 5, 1967, Israel surprise attacked _____, Syria, and Jordan. Egypt
TRUE OR FALSE?: After the 1967 war, Israel had control over the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, Sinai, and Golan Heights. True
What did Israel begin to do in the occupied territories after the 1967 war? Israel began to build settlements
What does UN Resolution 194 state? • Refugees wishing to return home and live at peace with their neighbors should be able to do so • Governments and/or authorities should pay compensation for the property of those choosing not to return and for loss or damage of property
What does UN Resolution 242 state? • Calls for withdrawal of Israeli Armed Forces from the occupied territories • Arab states must accept Israel’s right to live in peace
What is the PLO? Palestine Liberation Organization
When was the PLO founded? 1964
Who founded the PLO? Palestinian officials
What was the main goal of the PLO? To form a Palestinian stae
Which person... • Became chairman of PLO in 1969 Yasir Arafat
Which person... • Recognized Israel as a country • Was the third president of Egypt • Was assassinated by his own officials Anwar Sadat
In which 1978 event did the following take place?: • U.S. President Carter invites Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Begin to Camp David • Egypt recognizes Israel as a country • Israel gives Sinai Peninsula back to Egypt Camp David Accords
Which event was also known as the Palestinian uprising, took place in 1987, and consisted of Palestinians fighting against Israeli occupation, harsh living conditions, and to demand independence? The Intifada
In which event of the early 1990's did the following take place?: • Palestinian leader Yassar Arafat and Israel’s Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met to work out a peace deal Oslo Peace Accords
Which person... • Was Israel's Prime Minister from 1974 to 1995 • One of the leaders of the Oslo Peace Accords of the early 1990's Yitzhak Rabin
What kicked off the Second Intifada? When Israeli political figure Ariel Sharon visited Temple Mount in Jerusalem, which was one of the holiest sights to Muslims
Which terrorist organizations is made up of Islamic extremists and is the most prominent Palestinian terrorist group? Hamas
Jerusalem, settlements, a security barrier, movement, security, and terrorism are all current issues preventing _____ between Israelis and Palestinians. Peace
Who is... • Hafez al-Assad’s son • Ruler of Syria, starting from 2000 Bashar al-Assad
Why did civil war break out in Syria? People weren't fond of Bashar al-Assad, and they wanted to denounce his rule
After the Assad regime threatened to use chemical weapons against rebel forces in 2012, the ______ ______ and _____ _______ started to aid the groups. United States; Great Britain
From 2014 on, the United States became focused on fighting ____. ISIS
What two countries support the Syrian government? Russian and Iran
How many people hijacked planes on 9/11? 19
How many planes were hijacked on 9/11? 4
Two planes flew through the ____ ______ of the World Trade Center. Twin Towers
A third pane hit the ________ in Washington D.C. Pentagon
A fourth plane crashed in a field in ____________. Pennsylvania
What group was responsible for the 9/11 attacks? al-Qaeda
What specific individual was responsible for the 9/11 attacks? Osama Bin Laden
What were the three reasons for al-Qaeda to attack the United States? • America's support for Israel • Involvement in the Persian Gulf War • Continued military presence in the Middle East
Who was President of the USA at the time of the 9/11 attacks? George W. Bush
Why did America invade Afghanistan? To retaliate against the terrorist groups in Afghanistan
What two groups did America fight in Afghanistan? Taliban and al-Qauda
What three countries did President Bush name as the Axis of Evil? Iran, Iraq, North Korea
What were the two reasons given for America's decision to invade Iraq? • Hiding weapons of mass destruction • Connections to terrorist organizations
Created by: oliva.muchnik
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