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D - SS - Unit 5

History of Australia - Part 1

QuestionAnswer
Who were the first Europeans to sail to Australia? the Dutch (Netherlands)
In what year did the first Europeans to sail to Australia? 1606
Why did the Dutch not settle in Australia? they were attacked by Aborigines
Who sailed around Australia? James Cook
In what year did someone sail around Australia? 1770
What did the Captain name the area? New South Wales
Which country did the Captain claim the land for? England
In what area did the Captain's sailors make maps? the coast of eastern Australia & Tasmania
What forced the British to stop sending prisoners to Georgia? The American Revolution
Why did Australia seem like a good choice for a penal colony? there was no chance of escape, no colonies around it, and very few indigenous people lived there
When did British ships carrying prisoners leave England to establish the prison colony? 1787
What were the British ships with the first convicts called? First Fleet
When did British prisoners settle in Australia? 1788
How many ships were in the First Fleet? 11
Approximately how many of the first prisoners were women? 20%
How long was New South Wales a penal colony? 1788 to 1832
Who lived in the penal colonies besides prisoners? marines and their families
When did the British stop transporting prisoners to Australia? 1868
What did the free immigrants that settled in Australia build? businesses, trading posts, farms, etc.
Created by: lprinke