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Cosmetology 2009

Infection Control (Chapter 5)

QuestionAnswer
AIDS Acquired immune deficency syndrome, a disease caused by the HIV viirus that breaks down the body's immune system.
Allergy Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Antiseptics Agents formulated for use on skin.
Bacilli (singular: bacillus) Short, rod shaped bacteria; the most common bacteria; they produce diseases such as tetnus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
Bacteria One-celled microorganisms. Some are harmful, some are harmless.
Bactericidal Capable of destroying bacteria.
Bloodborne Pathogens Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids.
Cilia Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bacteria in liquid.
Cocci Round shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups.
Contagious Disease Diseases that can be easily spread to others by contact.
Diagnosis Determiningthe nature of a disease or infection.
Diplococci Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
Disease Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, organ, or mind that makes it incapable of carrying out normal function.
Disinfectable An item that can be disinfected.
Ddisinfectants Chemmical agents that destroy most bacteria, fungi and viruses, but not spores, on surfaces.
Disinfection Process that eleminates most microorganisms, but is not effective against bacterial spores.
Efficacy Effictiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills germs, when used according to the label.
Exposure Incident Contact with non-intact skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious materials that result from performance of an employees duties.
Flagella (singular: flagellum) Slender, hair-like extensions that permit locomotion in certain bacteria; their whip-like motion moves bacteria in liquid.
Fungi (singular: fungus) Microscopic plant parasites, including molds, mildews, and yeasts.
Fungicidal Capable of destroying fungi.
Hepatitis Bloodborne virus that causes disease affecting the liver.
HIV Human immunonodeficiency virus; virus that can cause AIDS.
Immunity Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection.
Infection Invasion of body tissue by pathogenic bacteria.
Infectious Infections that can be spread from one person to another person or from one infected body part to another.
Inflammation Body's response to injury or infection with redness,heat,pain, and swelling.
Microorganism Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size.
Mildews Types of fungus that affects plants or grows on in animate objects but does not cause human infections in the salon setting.
Motility Self-movement
Material Saftey Data Sheets (MSDS) Material Saftey Data Sheet; safety information about products compiled by manufacturer.
Multi-use items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is exposed to blood or body fluid.
Nonpathogenic Not harmful; organisms that may perform useful functions.
Occupational Disease Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment.
Parasites Plant or animal organisms that derive nutrition from another organism.
Pathogenic Causing disease; may cause harmful conditions or illnesses in humans.
Pediculosis Capitis Skin disease caused by infestation of head lice.
Phenolics Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants.
Porous Absorbant, having pores or openings.
Quaterny Ammonium Compounds Type of disinfectent solution safe for all uses in the salon; commonly called quats.
Sanitation or Sanitizing Cleaning to remove all visable residue and matter.
Scabies Contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
Single-use or Disposable Disposable items that cannot be used more than once, either because they cannot be cleaned of all visable residue (such as pumice stones used for pedicures), or because cleaning and disinfecting damages them.
Sodium Hypochlorite Common hoousehold bleach; disinfectent for salon use.
Spirilla Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that can cause diseases such as syphillis and Lyme disease.
Staphylococci Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes, can cause abscesses, pustules and boils.
Sterilization Process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
Streptococci Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; they can cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisioning.
Tuberculocidal Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that cause tuberculosis.
Universal Precautions Set of guidelines published by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration that requires the employer and employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids contain pathogens and are thus infectus.
Virucidal Capable of destroying viruses.
Virus Microorganism that can invade plants and animals, including bacteria.
Created by: Jess_Keith
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