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D - SS - Unit 5
History of Australia - Aborigines
|What does Aborigine mean in Latin?
|from the beginning
|Who are the Aborigines?
|native (indigenous) or first known inhabitants of Australia
|Where were Aborigines believed to have migrated from?
|What do Aborigines use for hunting?
|bommerangs & spears
|What did Aborigines divide themselves up into?
|500-600 distinct groups or tribes
|What languages did the Aborigines speak?
|over 200 different languages
|Since the Aborigines had no written language, how did they pass information from one generation to the next?
|song and word of mouth
|Why were Aborigines untouched by outside influences for a long period of time?
|due to Australia’s remote location
|What are Aboriginal Australians spiritual beliefs based on?
|What is Dreamtime?
|the time long ago when they believe all things were created
|What do Dreamtime stories explain?
|how animals, plants, water holes, etc. were shaped by spirit beings
|What is a sacred site to the Aborigines?
|What has been done to rocks at thousands of sites in Australia?
|they were painted or engraved with human and animal shapes
|When do Aborigines believe rock paintings were done?
|What do the Australian Aborigine stories teach others about Dreamtime?
|life, love, marriage, hunting, gathering, warfare, and death
|What was the traditional way Aborigines educated others about their history, cultures, and laws?
|storytelling, art, singing and dancing
|What do the Aborigines believe the spirit ancestors did during Dreamtime?
|travelled throughout the land, giving it its physical form, and setting down the rules to be followed by the Aboriginals
|What types of painting did Aborigines do?
|dot, bark & stone painting
|What was the greatest threat to the aborigines after the Europeans began settling in Australia?