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A New Nation

4th grade SS

Define VETO To reject or refuse to pass a bill into law.
Define RATIFY To approve.
Define COMPROMISE To give up something in order to reach an agreement.
Who are DELEGATES? People who act or speak for others (Representatives)
What are AMENDMENTS? Changes that can be made to the Constitution
What was the meeting called where delegates met to write the Constitution? Constitutional Convention
Where did the Constitutional Convention take place? Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
What was the Articles of Confederation? The first document written to establish our government
What is the Constitution? The framework for our government
How can the Constitution be changed? Amendments can be added
What are the first 10 amendments to the Constitution called? The Bill of Rights
What kind of government allows for the national and state government to share power? Federal System of Government
What are the 3 branches of government? Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
What makes up the Legislative Branch? Congress & Senate
What makes up the Executive Branch? President, Vice President, and Cabinet
What makes up the Judicial Branch? Supreme Court & other courts
What can the Legislative Branch do? Make laws, declare war, approve cabinet members
What can the Executive Branch do? Carry out laws, Sign bills into laws, Veto bills, head up the military
What can the Judicial Branch do? Interpret laws, declare laws unconstitutional
What does Popular Sovereignty mean? It is the idea of "ruled by the people" as expressed in the Preamble, and by the words "We The People"
Is any branch of government more powerful than any other branch? No. They are all equal.
What is Separation of Powers? Gives each branch certain powers.
What is Checks and Balances? Balance the power, so that no branch is more powerful than another.
What is a republic? A government where the people and the representatives they vote for have the power.
What is a Representative Democracy? Citizens vote on representatives to speak or act for them when making laws.
Explain the Great Compromise A plan that called for 2 houses in Congress. House of Representatives - based on population and Senate - 2 representatives from each state.
What did the Great Compromise help with? It helped the large and small states agree.
What type of government did Federalists (like John Jay) want? Strong National Government
Who was the "Father of the Constitution"? James Madison
What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation? The states did not agree on their representation in Congress. Congress had no power to enforce laws or collect taxes. The states were like separate countries.
List 3 freedoms given to us in The Bill of Rights 1, Speech - Freedom to speak your opinion 2. Religion - Worship as you wish 3. Assembly - Gather with others in a group, peacefully
What does the 10th Amendment say? All powers not given to the United states in the Constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, belong to the states or people
Why was the Bill of Rights needed? To ensure that individuals had rights that were protected from government control.
What rights does the first amendment protect? Why is this amendment important? Speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition. Without the 1st amendment, some of our basic rights would not be protected.
Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
What was Ben Franklin's role in the Constitutional Convention? He was the oldest delegate at the convention. He was considered one of the major leaders of the convention.
What was the Three Fifths Compromise? A plan that stated that every five slaves would count as three people for the representation in the House of Representatives.
Which level of government has the power to declare war? Federal Government
Created by: shannonbacha



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