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Unit 6

Civil War & Reconstruction

TermDefinition
Confederate States of America 11 southern states that succeeded from the union, founded in 1861
"Preserve the Union" Lincoln's slogan, 2nd Inaugural Address
Anaconda Plan Three-part Union strategy to win the Civil War
Jefferson Davis President of the Conderacy.
Abraham Lincoln President of the Union
Ulysses S Grant Became the first president after the Civil War; previously a Union General who defeated General Lee at Appomattox Court House, which ended the Civil War;
Robert E. Lee Confederate General
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson Confederate General, survived the amputation of his arm but died from complications of pneumonia
Fort Sumter Union fort in Charleston, South Carolina. location of the start of the civil war
Bull Run (Manassas) People watched battle. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate general, held his ground and stood in battle like a "stone wall." Union retreated. Confederate victory. Showed that both sides needed training and war would be long and bloody
Antietam Union Victory, battle in Maryland that ended Lee's first invasion of the North. Known for being the bloodiest day in the war, and led to the Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Prolclamation Order issued by Lincoln freeing slaves behind confederate lines.
Vicksburg Union victory in Mississippi, battle for control of mississippi river. Union's goal to split Confederacy and restore free commerce to NW
Gettysburg Most decisive battle of the war.
Gettysburg Address Important speech by President Lincoln.
William Tecumseh Sherman Commander of Union troops in Georgia and South Carolina
Battle for Atlanta important battle that shutdown the main confederate railroad depot
Appomattox Site of the Confederate surrender.
Second Inaugural address "Malice towards none and chrity for all"
Andrew Johnson President after Lincoln's assassination.
Reconstruction Period of rebuilding the nation after the Civil War
Presidential Reconstruction Andrew Johnsons plan
Radical Reconstruction Congress plan
Radical Republicans Members of Congress who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote.
Freedman's Bureau was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War
13th Amendment Abolished slavery everywhere in the United States
14th Amendment Gave African Americans citizenship
15th Amendment Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote.
Black Codes laws passed by southern states after the Civil War denying ex-slaves the complete civil rights enjoyed by whites and intended to force blacks back to plantations and impoverished lifestyles.
Ku Klux Klan Terrorist group of white Southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting.
Tenure of Office Act vilolated by Andrew Johnson when he tried to fire his Secretary of War
Impeachment a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity, the outcome of which, depending on the country, may include the removal of that official from office as well as criminal or civil punishment.
Compromise of 1877 The political deal that gave the presidency to Hayes and ended Reconstruction.
JimCrow Era laws were state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Literacy Tests & Poll Taxes ways to test eligibility of being able to vote
Plessy v. Fergusson was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Created by: US1