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USI.5 Changing Roles

USI.5 a-c Spanish American War & WWI

A policy of building up a nation's military to prepare for war. Militarism
President of the U. S. during World War I. Woodrow Wilson
Contained in Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace (The Fourteen Points), this was an organization of nations formed to maintain peace. League of Nations
A battle line that extended across Belgium and France, containing trenches, that was a main battlefront of World War I. Western Front
The nations of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire that fought against the Allied Powers in World War I. Central Powers
The nations of Great Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, and Serbia that were later joined by the United States to fight against the Central Powers in World War I. Allied Powers
A telegram sent by the Germans to urge the Mexicans to attack the United States in return for the winning back of lands in the southwestern U. S. Zimmerman Telegram
German attacks on shipping by submarines. Submarine warfare
The desire of a nation to stay out of international affairs. Isolationism
An agreement to stop fighting. The agreement of World War I was signed on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918. Armistice
Warfare used widely in World War I in which soldiers of opposite sides shot at each other from a system of ditches separated by a "no man's land." Trench warfare
To prepare a nation's military forces for war. Mobilize
American battleship that exploded in Havana harbor in 1898. U.S.S. Maine
Canal built by the U. S. across Panama to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The canal was completed in 1914. Panama Canal
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to use U. S. military might to create stability in Latin America, beginning with the building of the Panama Canal. Big Stick Diplomacy
President James Monroe's warning to European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere; issued in 1824. Monroe Doctrine
Statement made by President Theodore Roosevelt that the U. S. had a right to be involved in Latin American countries to preserve law and order. Roosevelt Corollary
Fought with the Rough Riders during the Spanish-American War and, later, as U. S. President, directed the building of the Panama Canal. Theodore Roosevelt
The policy of powerful countries to gain control of weaker countries. Imperialism
Lands gained by the United States as territories after the Spanish-American War. Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines
Cuban citizens who fought for their independence from Spain. Cuban Rebels
Using exaggerated news stories to sell newspapers. Yellow Journalism
What 2 things influenced the United States during the Spanish American war? Economic interest & Public Opionion
All the following are The United States emerged as a world power. Cuba gained independence from Spain. The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. Results of the Spanish American War
All the following are Protection of American business interests in Cuba American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain Rising tensions between Spain & the U.S. as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor Reasons for the Spanish American War
* asserted the United States’ right to interfere in the economic matters of other nations in the Americas • claimed the United States’ right to exercise international police power • advocated Big Stick Diplomacy (building the Panama Canal). Key points of The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
The United States’ involvement in ______________ ended a long tradition of avoiding involvement in European conflicts and set the stage for the U.S. to emerge as a global superpower later in the twentieth century. World War I
Who are the major Allied Powers? • British Empire • France • Russia • Serbia • Belgium • United States
Who are the major Central Powers? • German Empire • Austro-Hungarian Empire • Bulgaria • Ottoman Empire
• Inability to remain neutral • German submarine warfare: Sinking of the Lusitania • United States economic and political ties to Great Britain • The Zimmermann Telegram Reasons for United States involvement in World War I
At the end of World War I, President Woodrow Wilson prepared a peace plan known as the _____ that called for the formation of the League of Nations, a peacekeeping organization. Fourteen Points
The United States decided not to join the _________ because the United States Senate failed to ratify the _________. League of Nations Treaty of Versailles
Created by: Mrs. Estes
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