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Constitution Vocab

Constitution Document that sets out the laws and principles of government
Confederation An alliance of independent states
Articles of Confederation The first government used in the United States from 1781-1787
Constitutional Convention Meetings in Philadelphia where state leaders met to revise the Articles of Confederation in May of 1787 in the Independence Hall
Republic A government in which citizens rule themselves through elected officials
Compromise A settlement in which each side gives up some of it's demands to reach an agreement
Federalism Division of governmental powers amongst the state government and the national government
Economic Depression A period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall and unemployment rises
Separation of Powers A principle of government in which powers are divided among individual and separate branches
Executive Branch This group makes sure that all the laws are carried out and put in to effect and includes the President and Vice President
Legislative Branch This group makes the laws and includes the Senate and House of Representatives
Judicial Branch This group makes sure that all laws are fair and includes the Supreme Court
Checks and Balance System where each branch of government can check or control the actions of other branches
Census A periodic governmental count of population; helps determine the number of representatives from each state in the House of Representatives
Electoral College Group of electors from every state who meet every four years to vote for the President and Vice President
Execute To carry out the laws
Bill A proposed law
Veto To reject
Due Process Idea that government must follow the same rules in all cases brought to trial
Impeach To bring formal charges of wrongdoing against a government official (the President)
Amend To change
Bill of Rights List of freedoms that a government promises to protect; the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
First Amendment Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
Created by: 23atkimegh



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