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unit 5 vocabulary
|• To seize or hold under the authority of the law.
|• someone who is charged with a crime in a court of law.
|• to ask a higher court to review an earlier decision.
|• the authority to hear an appeal of a decision by another court.
|• A hearing in which a suspect is charged with a crime and pleads guilt or not guilty.
|• Money paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee that he/she will appear for trial.
|• court of appeals in the federal court system.
|• cases dealing with disputes between individuals -usually involving property or money.
|• something received as an equivalent for debt, loss, injury, or suffering.
|• the group of laws that tell which acts are crimes, how the accused person should be tried in court, and how crimes should be punished.
|• A person who is accused of a crime or who is being sued.
|• the trial courts in the federal court system.
|• a process by which the government must treat accused persons fairly according to rules established by law.
|• Serious crime such as robbery or murder.
|• A formal charge issued by a grand jury that names the suspect and states the charges against the suspect.
|• the Supreme Court’s power to overturn any law or executive action that it decides is in conflict with the Constitution.
|• the right or authority to hear a case.
|• a person under the age of 18.
|• A relatively minor crime such as shoplifting.
|• Person or group that files a lawsuit in a civil case.
|• Statement by the accused saying whether they are guilty or not guilty.
|• A reasonable belief that a crime has been committed.
|• A government body that brings a charge against the accused in criminal law.
|• The decision of a judge or jury.
|• A legal document issued by a court, giving police permission to make an arrest, seizure, or a search.