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Renaissance & Reform

Renaissance & Reformation

TermDefinition
Counter (Catholic) Reformation The response of the Catholic church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Heresy belief or opinion that goes against the church.
Council of Trent A series of meetings of Catholic church officials that met between 1545 and 1563 at Trent, Italy. The council decided how to respond to the Protestant Reformation and created a plan to do so.
Index of Forbidden Books hundreds of books that were banned by the Catholic Church because they were considered heretical.
Roman Inquisition A court established by the Roman Catholic Church in the thirteenth century to try cases of heresy and other offenses against the church. Those convicted could be handed over to the civil authorities for punishment, including execution.
Patron A person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity.
Humanism The study of grammar, history, poetry, and rhetoric.
Renaissance Movement focusing on the revival of classical learning.
Northern Renaissance The Renaissance that occurred in Europe north of the Alps.
Johannes Gutenberg A German printer of the fifteenth century, who invented the printing press.
Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe.
Indulgence Paid pardons from punishment for sin
95 theses Propositions for debate concerned with the question of indulgences.
Protestantism Adherence to the forms of Christian doctrine that are generally regarded as Protestant rather than Catholic or Eastern Orthodox.
Predestination God decides who will be saved.
"The elect" People chosen by God to be saved.
Jesuits Religious order founded by Ignatius de Loyola.
Niccolo Machiavelli An Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.
Created by: .Enigma.
 

 



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