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APHG 11e Ch 6

Rubenstein APHG Chapter 6 Vocab

TermDefinition
Agnosticism Belief that nothing can be known about whether God exists.
Animism Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Atheism Belief that God doesn't exist.
Autonomous religion A religion that does not have a central authority, but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
Branch A large and fundamental division within a religion.
Caste The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned, according to religious law.
Cosmogony A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
Denomination A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body.
Ethnic religion A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Fundamentalism Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or branch, or denomination, or sect).
Ghetto During the Middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Hierarchical religion A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Missionary An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion.
Monotheism The doctrine of or belief in the existence of only one god.
Pagan A follower of a polytheistic religion.
Pilgrimage A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Polytheism Belief in or worship of more than one god.
Sect A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
Solstice An event that happens twice each year, when the tilt of Earth's axis is most inclined toward or away from the Sun, causing the Sun's apparent position in the sky to reach its most northern/southernmost extreme; results in shortest/longest day of the year.
Syncretic A religion that combines several traditions.
Universalizing religion A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Created by: trisjohnson
 

 



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