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Judicial Branch

Judicial Branch Vocab

Term Definition
Accused Someone who is charged with a crime in court of law
Appeal To ask a higher court to review an earlier decision
Appellate The authority to hear an appeal of a decision by another court
Arraignment A hearing in which a suspect is charged with a crime and pleads guilty or not guilty
Bail Money paid to the court by an accused person to guarantee that he\she will appear for court.
Circuit Court Court of appeals in the federal court system
Civil Cases Cases dealing with disputes between individuals-usually involving property or money
Compensation Something received as an equivalent for dept, loss, injury, or suffering
Criminal Law The group of laws that tell which acts are crimes, how the accused person should be tried in court, and how crimes should be punished
Defendant A person who is accused of a crime or who is being sued
District Court The trial courts in the federal court system
Due Proces A process by which the government must treat accused persons fairly according to rules established by law
Felony A serious crime such as robbery or murder
Indictment A formal charge issued by a grand jury that names the suspect and states the charges against the suspect
Judicial Review The supreme court's power to overturn any law that it decides is in the conflict with the Constitution
Jurisdiction The right or authority to hear a case
Juvenile A person under the age of 18
Misdemeanor A relatively minor crime such as shop lifting
Plaintiff A person or group that files a lawsuit
Plea Statement by the accused saying whether they are guilty or not guilty
Probable Cause A reasonable belief that a crime has been committed
Prosecution A government body that brings a charge against the accused in criminal law
Verdict The decision of the judge or jury
Warrant A legal document issued by a court, giving police permission to make an arrest, seizure, or s search
Arrest To seize or hold under the authority of the law
Created by: 352718