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8th Reconstruction

Reconstruction

TermDefinition
Freedman men and women who had been slaves
Reconstruction Rebuilding of the South after the Civil War .
10 Percent Plan (2 parts) President Lincoln's plan to allow the Confederate states to rein the Union. Each southern state would form a new government after 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the U.S. It then would have to abolish slavery.
Wade Davis Plan (2 parts) Many Republicans thought Lincoln's plan was too generous towards the South. Majority of white men in each state would have to swear loyalty to the U.S. and denied the right to hold public office to anyone who volunteered to fight for the South.
Freedman's Bureau An agency created by the goverment that helped and protected newly freed african americans find jobs, homes, education, and a better life
13th Amendment Banned slavery throughout the nation.
Andrew Johnson Was Vice President and became president after Abraham Lincoln died.
Black Codes Laws that severely limited the rights of freedmen after the Civil War.
Radical Republicans Wanted to make drastic changes and punish the South. Wanted to ensure freedmen received the right to vote.
14th Amendment Granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States.
Reconstruction of 1867 South must disband state governments, write new constitutions, ratify the 14th amendment, African Americans must be allowed to vote.
15th Amendment forbade any state to deny African Americans males the right to vote because of their race.
Scalawag A derogatory term used to describe white southerners that supported Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
Carpetbaggers Northerners who moved to the south during the reconstruction era. Most carpetbaggers had economic and political interests.
Sharecroppers Tenants are permitted to use land of landowners if the landowner gets a return of the crop yield. Sharecropping was a common practice for freed slaves
Poll tax charging money in order to vote; used to prevent African-Americans from voting
Literacy test some states required African Americans to take these to prove they were educated enough to vote; Jim Crow Law
Grandfather clause Southern states did not allow African Americans to vote if any of their relatives had been a slave; Jim Crow Law
Segregation forced separation of whites and African Americans in public places
Conservatives Wanted the South to change as little as possible. Willing to let African Americans to vote and hold some offices.
impeach Bring formal charges of wrong doing against an elected official.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK) group of white Southerners who intimidated and used violence to prevent African Americans from achieving equality in the South after the Civil War
Jim Crow Laws state laws passed between 1876 and 1965 that created "separate but equal" facilities for blacks.
plessy v. ferguson US supreme court case that stated that racial segregation was constitutional if it was equal.
Created by: KreppeinSS
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