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Ancient China

Chinese belief system from 500s BCE that emphasized family loyalty, filial piety, education, obedience, peace, and ancestors Confucianism
Chinese religion from 500s BCE that emphasized following the mystical "Way." It celebrated the harmony of nature as well as the balance of opposites . The Yin and Yang symbolizes many aspects of this religion. Daoism
Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi; taught that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws Legalism
an ancient trade route between China and Europe silk road
in Confucian thought, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors filial piety
This was built using the labor of farmers. Qin built and extended it to keep out Xiongnu. The Great Wall of China
A line of rulers who belong to the same family dynasty
early Chinese dynasty (about 1750-1122 B.C.) which was mostly a farming society ruled by an aristocracy mostly concerned with war. They're best remembered for their art of bronze casting. Shang dynasty
(1050BC-400BC) Longest dynasty in Chinese history. Established a new political order with the emperor at the highest level, then lords and warriors and then peasants. Zhou dynasty
the chaotic last centuries of the Zhou dynasty where different powers fought for control of China The Period of the Warring States
221-206 BCE, Qin Shi Huangdi defeated all Warring States and used Legalism as its base of belief Qin dynasty
(206 BC - 220 AD) dynasty started by Lui Bang; it discarded the harsh policies of the Qin dynasty and adopted Confucian principles; started civil service exams Han dynasty
suitable for growing crops [in reference to land or soil] arable
Also known as the Huang-He. The second longest river in China. The majority of ancient Chinese civilizations started in this valley. Yellow River
China's largest and longest river, and the third longest river in the world Yangtze River
soldiers on horseback cavalry
A member of a rich and powerful family and the wealthy social class in a society aristocrat
A member of a rich and powerful family and the wealthy social class in a society noble
A power or law believed to be granted by a god Mandate of Heaven
Farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops tenant farmer
the ruler of an empire emperor
The most famous Daoist teacher; wrote the basic text of Daoism, "The Dao de Ching" Laozi (Lao Tsu)
Founder of legalism and believed that harsh punishments were the only way to control people. Hanfeizi
A political system in which nobles, aristocrats, or lords are given the use of lands that belong to their king, in exchange for their protection, loyalty, and military service feudalism
animal bones carved with written questions then heated until cracks appear; used for telling the future oracle bones
fine, yellow silt deposited by wind and water; It constitutes the fertile soil of the Yellow River Valley in northern China. loess
The ancient Chinese capital of the Shang dynasty. Anyang
one of the top attractions in China; Emperor Qin ordered the creation of the life-sized clay army soldiers. Terracotta Army
Do to others whatever you would have them do to you (found in cultures all around the world) Confucius is given credit for it in China. Golden Rule
northern China desert Gobi desert
Family members from past generations (parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, etc.) ancestors
Picture writing; drawings that represent an object or a word pictographs
written language that combines two or more pictographs to represent a more complicated idea ideographs
A way to categorize or rank people in a society based on money, type of job, power, or prestige social class
a farming system that is in the form of steps going up a mountain terrace farming
an ancient nomadic people who formed a state or confederation centered in modern Mongolia during the Han dynasty. They raided China and the Chinese called them "barbarians" Xiongnu
Ruler and war general of the Mongols (1206-1227). He united all of the Mongolian tribes and started the Mongol Empire. He gave himself this name, and it means the "oceanic" or "universal" leader. Genghis Khan
First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. He created a strong government with strict laws and punishments. He had the Great Wall built, as well as the Terracotta Army. Qin Shi Huang (Shihuangdi)
Created by: welalann



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