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AOC and Constitution

TermDefinition
Articles of Confederation first government of the United States of America
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation no executive branch, no judicial branch, no power to collect taxes, no power to enforce laws, no power to regulate trade, could not raise an army
Shay's Rebellion protested the foreclosures of farms for debt and showed the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, when the central government couldn't put down the rebellion
Northwest Ordinance provided a method for admitting new states to the Union from the territory, and listed a bill of rights guaranteed in the territory.
Preamble first paragraph of the Constitution, introduces the Constitution, explains what it is meant to do, and describes the new government
Popular Sovereignty government is controlled by the people
Limited Government everybody has to follow the same laws, even members of the government
Checks and balances each of the three branches of government has a little control, or check, on the other two branches.
separation of power divides the power of the government into three branches
federalism powers are shared by the national and state governments
Individual Rights personal liberties and privileges that people are born with
Republicanism people vote for people to represent their views in Congress
Virginia Plan proposed a strong central government composed of three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. Bicameral legislature.the number of votes each state received in Congress to be based on population rather than each state receiving one vote.
New Jersey Plan offered the idea of a unicameral (one house) legislature in which all states would have an equal number of votes.
Great Compromise agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
3/5th Compromise The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when apportioning Representatives, as well as Presidential electors and taxes.
Amendment change or addition to the Constitution
1st Amendment freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
2nd Amendment right to bear arm
3rd Amendment no quartering of soldiers
4th Amendment freedom of unreasonable search and seizure
5th Amendment right to due process of law, freedom from self incrimination, double jeopardy
6th Amendment rights of accused, e.g. right to speedy and public trial
7th Amendment right of trail by jury in civil cases
8th Amendment freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment other rights of people
10th Amendment powers reserved to the states
Senate the upper house of Congress. Representation is equal- 2 per state
House of Representatives the lower house of Congress. Representation is based on state population. All revenue bills begin here.
Federalists Supported the Constitution and a strong central government, leaders were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay
Anti-Federalists Opposed the Constitution and supported a weaker central government Wanted a Bill of Rights included, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry
The Federalists Papers a series of essays which supported the Federalists viewpoint (wanted the Constitution to pass)
Legislative Branch passes the laws
Judicial Branch interprets or evaluates the law
Executive Branch enforces the law
Bill of Rights first 10 Amendments of the Constitution
bicameral two-houses
Created by: jblake74