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Stack #2703465

What and where are the Alps A Mt. Range in Europe that goes across France, Switzerland and above Italy
Where is the English Channel Between the UK and France
Where is the Mediterranean Sea North of Africa and west of Asia
Where are the Pyrenees Mts. Between Spain and France
Where are the Ural Mts. The border between Europe and Asia
What is the geography of Greece like Surrounded by steep Mts. and any part of Greece is no more than 50 miles away from water
Who was Homer A Greek writer, wrote the Iliad and the Odessy
What where the Iliad and Odessy Epics, written by Homer
What where the Persian wars A series of wars with Greece and Persia
What were the Olympics Begun in 776 BC, where started in the name of Zeus
What is an oligarchy A form of Gov't which the power rests on a small number of people
Who was Alexander the Great One of the greatest military minds if history, ruler the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia made the biggest empire in the world at the time
When was Rome founded April 21st 753 BC
What was the consul elected political officials
Why were there checks and balances So that one branch of Gov't didn't get too powerful
What where the twelve tables The original code of laws for Rome
Who where the Patricians Rich people who got to vote
Who where the Plebians Poor people Gov't didn't listen to them much until they got a seat
Who was Julies Caesar Politician,general, and leader of the roman republic is Octavians' Great uncle
Who was Octavian/Augustus Was the first emperor of Rome
What was the Roman Empire After the Roman Republic time period
What is bread and circuses The diet of entertainers
What was the size of the Roman Empire 1.7 million square miles, biggest empire
When did the middle ages start and end Fall of the roman empire and start of the renaissance
Who are Barbarians Anyone who inst in your tribe
What is Feudalism A social system existing in medieval Europe in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and land in return
What is the Feudal pyramid The pope has power over the king, the king has power over the lords and barons, the lords and barons have power over the knights and vassals, and the knights and vassals have power over the peasants and surfs
Who are Knights A man who served his sovereign or lord as a mounted soldier in armor
What is chivalry The combination of qualities expected of an ideal knight, especially courage, honor, courtesy, justice, and a readiness to help the weak
What are guilds A medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power
What was the Black Death The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1346 to 1353
What was the importance of the catholic church The Roman Catholic Church became increasingly involved in secular (nonreligious) society during the Middle Ages (A.D. c. 450–c. 1500). It played a significant role in medieval European life through the activities of the clergy (church officials)
What are crusades Medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries
Who is pope Urban II Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land
What are the reasons for the decline of feudalism the Crusades and travel during the Middle Ages opened new trade options to England.The Black Death - this reduced the population of England by one third. Labor became a valuable commodity
What is humanism Renaissance cultural movement that turned away from medieval scholasticism and revived interest in ancient Greek and Roman thought
What exploration happened during the Renaissance The Age of Exploration began in the 1400s and continued through the 1600s. It was a period of time when the European nations began exploring the world.
Who is Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Sailed to the new world in 1492
Who is Ferdinand Magellan A Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth
What sailing instruments where used during the renaissance Triangular sails, sextets, maps, compasses
What were Ferdinand Magellan and his crew looking for when they circumnavigated the globe The Silk road
What advances in art occurred during the Renaissance Foreshortening, Chiaroscuro, sfumato
Who is Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo DeVinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography
What is a(n) (sale of) indulgence An indulgence was a payment to the Catholic Church that purchased an exemption from punishment (penance) for some types of sins.
What was martin Luther's 95 Thesis The 95 Theses,” a list of questions and propositions for debate. On October 31, 1517 Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church
Who was king Henry VII He changed the religious of England so that he could divorce his wifey
Who was John Calvin John Calvin was a French theologian, pastor and reformer in Geneva during the Protestant Reformation
What is predestination Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God, usually with reference to the eventual fate of the individual soul (set fate from birth)
What is Geocentrism The geocentric model is a superseded description of the universe with Earth at the center
What is Heliocentrism Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System
Who is Galileo Galilei He used his newly invented telescope to study sunspots on the Sun. Galileo's observations strengthened his belief in Copernicus' theory that Earth and all other planets revolve around the Sun.
Who is Nicolaus Copernicus Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who put forth the theory that the Sun is at rest near the center of the Universe, and that the Earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the Sun
Who is Johannes Gutenberg Johannes Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe with the printing press
What is the Magna Carta England drafted the Magna Carta to curtail the power of their own tyrannical monarch–King John
What is the divine right of kings The doctrine that kings derive their authority from God, not from their subjects, from which it follows that rebellion is the worst of political crimes
What is the English bill of rights The English Bill of Rights, is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and sets out certain basic civil rights.
What is the glorious revolution The Glorious Revolution was the overthrow of King James II of England by a union of English Parliamentarians
What is absolutism Absolutism is a political theory and form of government where unlimited, complete power is held by a centralized sovereign individual, with no checks or balances from any other part of the nation or government
What is an Encyclopedia A book or set of books giving information on many subjects or on many aspects of one subject and typically arranged alphabetically
What is Deism Deism is a philosophical position that posits that God does not interfere directly with the world
What caused the French revolution War debt ,American Revolution; Seven Years War. Royal debt.maintaining Versailles, Marie-Antoinette's dress allowance, gambling, entertainment, jewelry. Food shortages droughts caused food prices to rise for peasants. "Let them eat cake." Chateaux
What was the first estate Members of the clergy (church); about 1% of the population, owned 10% of land, paid little in taxes
What was the second estate Members of the nobility; about 3% of the population, owned 80% of the land, paid little in taxes.
What was the third estate All other members of society; about 96% of the population; paid almost all of the taxes
Who were the borgeouisie Wealthy merchants and artisans who owned land and paid heavy taxes; about 8% of the population
What was the estates General Meeting called by Louis XVI to try to solve France's financial crisis; began on May 5, 1789
What was the Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen (DRMC) A document published on August 26, 1789 that outlined the rights of people in France; fair trials, innocent until proven guilty, freedom of religion, fair taxes, etc.
Who is Nepoleon Bonaparte Born on Corsica, went to military school, specialized in artillery. Became leader of the French army at age 26; fought Austria, U.K., invaded Russia (lost).Crowned as emperor on December 2, 1804
What was the storming of the Bastille mob of angry peasants and city workers who tore down a French prison looking for weapons and gunpowder to defend themselves against the king's army; July 14, 1789
What was the Reign of Terror September 15, 1793-July 28, 1794; time when many people who were thought to be against the revolution were arrested and executed
What were the effects of the French Revolution End of feudalism, end of the monarchy (for a while), church came under government control, use of the metric system, bourgeoisie and the land owners became the dominant social class, tax and legal codes were made more fair, idea of democracy spread
Created by: lukas kanownik