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SS-Mesopotamia 31-32

7th Grade S.S. Mesopotamia Unit Flashcards 31-32

S of SWAGSTR The first S is stable food supply. This allows people to put their energy into other areas other than getting food. In Mesopotamia, people didn't have to hunt all the time and could become a jeweler, sculptor or other things.
W of SWAGSTR The W stands for a written language. The Mesopotamians used cuneiform which means wedge shape. They wrote on clay tablets using a reed stylus. They used this to keep track of important events and to write things such as Hammurabi's Code.
A of SWAGSTR The A stands for the arts. With a stable food supply, people could specialize and create things such as bas-reliefs and stelas. There could be architects to design buildings and sculptures for the gods in their temples.
G of SWAGSTR The G stands for government. In Mesopotamia, they had a monarchy government with a king in power. Some were the Assyrians, the Akkadians, the Babylonians, and the Neo-Babylonians.
S #2 of SWAGSTR The second S stands for social structure. In Mesopotamia, it was broken up with the kings at the top, then the priests, then the skilled craftspeople, merchants, and the traders were on the third level.
S #2 of SWAGSTR continued Next, were the working farmers and laborers, and finally at the bottom were the slaves. Depending on your job, you were higher on the structure or lower.
T of SWAGSTR The T stands for technology. The Mesopotamians created wheels which were used for carts and wagons and created levees, canals, and reservoirs used for their irrigation system. Lastly, they also created plows which increased farm production.
R of SWAGSTR The R stands for religion. In Mesopotamia their were two types of religions. Most of Mesopotamia believed in Polytheism which meant that they believed in multiple gods. Monotheism was created here by the Hebrew which meant that they believed in one god.
4 Problems Mesopotamia Faced #1 The first problem was that not enough food could be produced in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. (Too many people, ran out of farmland-carrying capacity). To overcome this problem, the people moved out of the foothills and onto the plains instead.
4 Problems Mesopotamia Faced #2 There was an uncontrolled water supply on the plains. 3/4 of the year the people dealt with droughts, while the other 1/4 of the year, there were floods. The Sumerians created irrigation systems with levees, canals, dams, and reservoirs as an answer.
4 Problems Mesopotamia Faced #3 The third problem was the the irrigation system had to be maintained. Silt-clogged-canals prevented water from getting through. As a solution, the people decided to work together. As they worked together, they formed larger communities.
4 Problems Mesopotamia Faced #4 The problem was that cities were fighting over the right to use water from the rivers. However, to prevent this, the Sumerians built walls and moats around their cities. This is the birth of the city-state.
Created by: nkornchankul



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