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The New Nation

Grade 4

TermDefinition
amend change
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution
compromise an agreement in which each side gives in a little
consent of governed the power of the government should depend on the agreement of the citizens
Executive Branch carries out laws
Federalism a system of government that divides powers between the national and state governments
Impeach to charge a public official with having done something illegal while in office
Judicial Branch decides the meaning of the laws
Constitution a set of laws governing a state or nation
popular sovereignty says government is created by and subject to the will of the citizens
natural rights a right that all should have - such as life or liberty
Preamble an introduction that often gives the reasons for what follows
Legislative Branch makes the laws
ratify to formally approve
representative democracy citizens vote for a representative who then votes for them
republic a government in which the power to govern comes from the people, not a king
framer a person who shapes or creates a concept, plan, or system
Three-Fifths Compromise three-fifths of each state's enslaved people could count for representation
James Madison a delegate from Virginia who argued for a strong central government and is considered the "Father of the Constitution"
Benjamin Franklin one of the oldest delegates at the Constitutional Convention who agreed with the Great Compromise but argued against slavery.
George Washington a delegate from Virginia who was chosen as the president of the Constitutional Convention who was regarded as a stellar leader
Constitutional Convention the gathering that drafted the Constitution of the United States that met in Philadelphia
The Great Compromise when states agreed to divide Congress into two parts: House of Representatives and the Senate
The Articles of Confederation written document that established the roles of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.
delegate a person chosen or elected to act for or represent others at a conference or meeting
House of Representatives -a state's representation is based on its population - states with larger populations will have more representatives
Senate - each state has the same number of representatives - each state sends two Senators to represent their state
Created by: mochateacher