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US History:Chapter13

TermDefinition
Charles Guiteau shot president Garfield july 2th, 1881- he though he was doing good to the country
Gospel of Wealth Andrew Carnegie advocated a gentler version of a Social Darwinism, that he called this
W.E.B. Du Bois the leader of a new generation of African American Activists
Home Insurance Building chicago's ten story, built in 1885, was the first skyscraper, but other buildings quickly dwarfed it.
Nativism is an extreme dislike of immigrants by native born people
Granger Laws several western states passed this that set maximum rates and prohibited railroads from charging ore for shot hauls than for long ones
Political Machine an in formal political group designed to gain and keep power , came about party because cities had grown much faster than their governments
Individualism one of the strongest beliefs of the era- and one that remains strong today- was the idea of this-believed that no matter how humble their origins, they could rise in society and go as far as their talents and commitment would take them
Plessy VS Ferguson a case that et out a new doctrine of "separate but equal" public facilities
Tammany Hall the NY city democratic political machine, was the most infamous such organization; William "Boss" Tweed was its leader during the 1860s-70s of this group
Salvation Army the plight of the Urban poor prompted some reformers to find new ways to help. Their efforts gave rise to the Social Gospel movement, this, the YMCA and settlement houses
Pendleton Act This act required that some jobs be filled by competitive written examination, rather than through patronage
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton a former slave, became convinced that African Americans would never be given a change to get ahead in the south. So they moved to the western states like Kansas and formed their own communities
Wabash vs Illinois results in 1886, the Supreme Court ruled in this that states could not regulate railroads of commerce that crossed state lines
Philanthropy this philosophy (Gospel of Wealth) held that wealthy Americans engage in this and use their great fortunes to create the conditions that would help people help themselves
Graft (fraud) getting money though dishonest or questionable means
Tenements Working Class apartment buildings
Steerage The cheapest accommodations of a steamship
Bessemer Process first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel
Social Darwinism This philosophy loosely derived from Darwin's theories, strongly reinforced the idea of individualism
William "Boss" Tweed was a leader of political machine called Tammany hall during the 1860s and 1870s; his corruptness led to a prison sentence in 1874
William McKinley the governor of Ohio, chosen as a candidate
Booker T. Washington the most famous African American of the late nineteenth century was the influential educator
William Jennings Bryan The Democrats did not waiver on the silver issue; instead they nominated him, a strong supported of silver
Charles Darwin argued that plan and animal life and evolved over the years by a process he called natural selection
Ida B. Wells a fiery young African American woman from Tennessee, launched a fearless crusade against lynching (hanging without proper court proceedings ~ each year)
Created by: GrapeJuice123