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2018 Midterm ReviewB

terms to review for the January 2018 US midterm

TermDefinition
Lincoln, Abraham led US through Civil War; Emancipation Proclamation; Gettysburg Address
Literacy Test prove reading and writing abilty to get permission to vote
Louisiana Purchase US bought mid-west territory from France; loose interpretation of Constitution
Manifest Destiny US meant to extend from Atlantic to Pacific
Marbury v. Madison established judicial review
Mayflower Compact first government in the colonies
McCulloch v. Maryland federal government is supreme over state government
Mercantilism colonies exist to benefit the mother country
Mexican Cession land US acquired from Mexico after Mexican-American war
Mississippi River major route for trade and transport from the Great Lakes south
Missouri Compromise agreement that states north of MO were free and south were slave
Missouri River trade and transport to the west
Monopoly complete control of an industry by one corporation
Muckrakers journalists & photographers that showed the evils of industrialization.
Native Americans were on the continent before Europeans; were forced to move many times
Nativist someone that believes those that are already in US have privileges over immigrants
Paine, Thomas wrote "Common Sense" to encourage colonists to fight for independence
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruled that separate is equal
Political has to do with government
Poll Tax having to pay a fee in order to vote (to keep blacks from voting)
Primary Source first-hand account of what happened (photo, journal, diary)
Progressive Era period of US history filled with reform
Pull Factor of Immigration draws immigrants to leave and head to new country
Push Factor of Immigration immigrants need to leave their homeland for a new country
Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South for the Civil War
Reconstruction time period of rebuilding the South after the Civil War
Reformers people wanting to change ideas and situations in the US
Revolutionary War colonists fought against Great Britain for independence
Roosevelt, Teddy wanted to break up monopolies/trusts
Rural countryside
Secondary Source second-hand account of what happened (article, etc)
Sectionalism North and South had different goals, economies, and priorities
Sharecroppers gave owner crops in exchange for use of land to farm; led to poverty
Shays' Rebellion fighting back against economic injustice; showed Articles of Confederation were weak
Sherman Anti-Trust Act breaking up monopolies/trusts
Slavery humans are property to buy and sell and force to work
Social has to do with people and their interaction
States' Rights southern states believed they had more power over choices than the federal government
Strike refusal of workers to work
The North industrial, manufacturing, populated cities, urban
The South rural, plantations & farms, slavery
Triangular Trade goods and slaves exchanged from Europe, Americas, and Africa
Unions groups of workers joining together to fight for fair wages and conditions
Urban cities
Urbanization people moving to the cities
Veto President can decide not to sign a bill into law (so it doesn't happen)
Washington, Booker T. education for blacks, Tuskeegee Institute
Washington, George first President; served 2 terms, had a cabinet (unwritten constitution)
Whiskey Rebellion protest against a federal tax on Whiskey
Zenger, Peter fought for freedom of speech/press
Created by: heathertillman