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SS- Mesopotamia 7-13

7th Grade S.S. Mesopotamia Unit Flashcards 7-13

Cuneiform A form of writing in which words or ideas are represented by character made up of triangles and straight lines. The characters were pressed into a wet clay tablet using a reed stylus.
Cuneiform (Historical Context) The Code of Hammurabi, a set of 282 laws carved into a stele was written in cuneiform. Cuneiform was the first written language invented by the Sumerians, but it was adopted by many others like the Akkadians and the Babylonians.
Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi was a set 282 very specific laws to their crimes written in cuneiform.The punishments occured right after the crimes were committed.They were very harsh, designed to cause fear.You were also punished according to your social status.
Code of Hammurabi continued Slaves would get harsher punishments, but a king for example would be let off easier. It was written in cuneiform in 1780 BCE on a stele. It was placed all around Babylon so that people wouldn't forget. Hammurabi got it from the god of Justice, Shamash.
Code of Hammurabi (Historical Context) Hammurabi designed these sets of laws to unite his empire.
Ten Commandments These were a set of 10 laws that were very general. Many different crimes could fall under these. In these laws, people who broke them weren't punished right away. They would be judged after they died by God.
Ten Commandments continued Additionally, no matter your social status, you were punished equally as harsh as for example, a priest. These laws were written in Hebrew in 1200 BCE and given Moses on stone.
Ten Commandments (Historical Context) It was a new legal system of governing for the Hebrews.
Judaism It was created by shepherds who lived in Mesopotamia. The leader of the Hebrews in 1780 BCE, was Abraham, before it became Moses later on. This religion believes in one god instead of multiple, and was the first religion to do so.
Judaism (Historical Context) It was far less popular than other religions at the time.
Polytheism The belief in more than one God (multiple)
Polytheism (Historical Context) The ancient Mesopotamians and Egyptians believed in this.
Monotheism The belief in one God
Monotheism (Historical Context) The ancient Hebrews, Christians, and Muslims all believed in this.
Explain the Mesopotamian Social Structure continued Next, were the skilled craftspeople, the merchants, and the traders due to the fact that they made a lot of money. On the fourth level were the farmers and laborers, because they were more on the poorer side.
Explain the Mesopotamian Social Structure 3 Lastly, at the bottom of the structure, were the slaves since they weren't seen as equal to regular people in ancient times.
Explain the Mesopotamian Social Structure At the top of this, were the kings because they claimed that they had been chosen to rule by the gods, which makes them the most important. On the second level were the priests since they helped worship the gods.
Created by: nkornchankul
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