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Mesopotamia 1-6

Cards 1-6

Drought A long period of time with little or no rain which can cause food shortages
Famine A widespread lack of food, causing people to starve to death
Surplus An extra supply of something like food, or tools, or seeds that can be used to trade/barter
Barter A trade of one resource for another without the use of money
City-state A self-governing city and the farmland surrounding it
Ziggurat The tallest tower in the City-state, usually made for a god
Cuneiform A writing system based on wedge-shaped symbols.
Code of Hammurabi The collection of laws that Hammurabi organized for the people of Babylon to follow.
Ten Commandments A series of laws made by the God.
Judaism A religion led by Abraham, which led to Jewish people
Polytheism The belief in multiple gods.
Monotheism The belief in one god
Explain the Mesopotamian Social structure A pyramid of how the people in Sumerian were treated
4 W's Akkadians The Akkadians' leader was Sargon, they were also one of the first armys to be able to fight in tight formations They came from Northern Mesopotamia. They also ruled Mesopotamia from 2300 BC to 2100 BC
4 W's Babylonians The Babylonian leader was Hammurabi, who created the Code of Hammurabi consisting 283 laws. He ruled Babylon from 1792 to 1750 bc. They lived exactly in Babylonia.
3 W's Assyrians The Assyrians did not have a leader (or we did not discuss it), they were able to use new battle strategys like riding horses, using battering rams and more. They were north fo Babylon. They ruled from 2334 BC to 2154 BC.
4 W's Neo-Babylonians The Neo-Babylonians leader was Nebuchadnezzer II, they created the first sundial and made discoveries that ledus into the 60 minute hour and 7 day week. They lived south of Baghdad. They ruled from 626 to 539 BC.
Sargon Warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of the an empire in the Fertile Crescent.
Hammurabi King of the city-state of Babylon, who is famous for his set of laws known as the Hammurabi's code
Nebuchadrezzar II King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire who expanded the empire by driving out the Egyptians out of Syria, conquered Canaan and took the rebel Hebrews captive.
Abraham was the first leader of the Hebrew people, leading them through the Fertile Crescent into Canaan. (First because alphabet)
Moses led the Hebrews out of slavery out of Egypt
Fertile Crescent A region of fertile, well-watered land in the Middle East from the Persian Gulf, up the Tigris and Euphrates, down to the Nile River
Mesopotamia was a good area for growing crops because rivers flooded and deposited rich soil. Also means "land between the rivers"; a river valley in the Fertile Crescent, present day Iraq
Sumer A region in the plains of lower Mesopotamia just North of the Persian Gulf where the first "Mesopotamians" lived after moving out of the Zagros Mountains
Babylon A city-state slightly north of Sumer, famous for its hanging gardens, capital of both Babylonian and Neo-Babylonian empires
Canaan The first region settled by the ancient Hebrews
Mount Sinai A mountain just north of the Red Sea where the ancient Hebrews lived after fleeing Egypt before settling in Jerusalem
Jerusalem A major city in Israel, and ancient capital from which early Hebrew kings ruled. This is where Judaism
Created by: mrhee23
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