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A review of the key terms and concepts associated with Reconstruction

System of farming that replaced the plantation system in the South after the Civil War Sharecropping
Rights guaranteed by the Constitution to all citizens, especially equal treatment under the law. Civil Rights
Laws enforcing the segregation of blacks and whites in the South after the Civil War Jim Crow Laws
President who followed Abraham Lincoln after Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, narrowly missed being impeached by congress Andrew Johnson
Candidate who was declared the winner in the controversial 1876 election and named president Rutherford Hayes
Period of time after the Civil War in which Southern states were rebuilt and brought back into the Union Reconstruction
Laws passed in 1865 and 1866 in former Confederate states to limit the rights and freedoms of African Americans. Black Codes
Agency established by Congress at the end of the Civil War to help and protect newly freed African Americans Freedman's Bureau
Amendment that abolished slavery in the United States Thirteenth Amendment
Amendment that granted citizenship to anyone born in the United States and guaranteeing all citizens equal protection of the law Fourteenth Amendment
Amendment that declared that states cannot deny anyone the right to vote because of race or color Fifteenth Amendment
Landmark Supreme Court decision that facilities for blacks could be separate from whites as long as they were considered equal Plessy v. Ferguson
Former Union general who was elected president in 1868 Ulysses S. Grant
Law passed in 1872 that forgave former Confederate loyalists for past offenses against the United States and allowed them to vote again Amnesty Act
Laws passed that made it illegal to prevent another person from voting through bribery or force Enforcement Acts
Secret society established in the South with the purpose of keeping African Americans out of political life by force Ku Klux Klan
First African American elected to the U.S. senate Hiram Revels
The social separation of people by race Segregation
Created by: avoigt