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10C Civil War 3

Slavery

QuestionAnswer
When were the first African slaves brought to America? Jamestown, Virginia, around the year 1619
How did the Northwest Ordinance treat slavery? Under the Articles of Confederation, the Northwest Ordinance provided a plan for adding new states AND said that slavery would not be allowed in any of these new states (1787)
What did the Quakers think about slavery? The Quakers were among the first American abolitionists; they believed that all men were truly equal and slavery was wrong.
Was slavery addressed in the Declaration of Independence? Early drafts of the Declaration noted slavery as one of the grievances against England. But that paragraph was deleted from the final version, showing that a serious moral and ethical struggle was taking place in 1776.
How did the U.S. Constitution address slavery? The constitution does not use the word "slave." It did provide that the AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE would end in 1808.
What was the 3/5 compromise? The U.S. Constitution counted slaves as 3/5 of a person FOR THE PURPOSE OF CALCULATING POPULATION TO DETERMINE REPRESENTATION IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Why did our government compromise so many times on the issue of slavery? The plantation economy in the south was absolutely dependent on slave labor; it's likely that those who opposed slavery wanted to avoid splitting the country in half. Those who opposed slavery hoped that it would die out on its own over time.
Why was the slavery issue so prominent during the 1800s? The USA was growing and adding new states; as each new state was added the balance of slave and free states changed.
What was the Missouri Compromise? Missouri was added as a slave state and Maine as a free state; it also prohibited slavery north of the 36/30 parallel. (1820)
How did the Compromise of 1850 address slavery? California was added as a free state; the Fugitive Slave Law was strengthened; and, the slave trade ended in Washington, D.C.
How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 address slavery? This law repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820. It adopted popular sovereignty (local people vote) to decide the issue of slavery.
Unit 10C Civil War 3 Slavery
Who was the sponsor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? Stephen Douglas of Illinois, who would later run for president against Abraham Lincoln.
How did people respond to the Kansas-Nebraska Act? People from Missouri (slave state) crossed the border and voted in Kansas' elections; Kansas became a slave state.
What was "Bleeding Kansas?" Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery settlers fought violently following the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
What was Abraham Lincoln's position on slavery? He believed that slavery should not be allowed to spread; he was not an abolitionist at the beginning of his presidency.
How did Southerners interpret Lincoln's election as president in 1860? Southern slave-holders inferred from Lincoln's election that the federal government would abolish slavery.
What was the 13th amendment? The 13th amendment abolished slavery in the USA at the end of the Civil War (1865).
What was the Emancipation Proclamation? Lincoln's order in 1863: all slaves in rebellious states would be free. It had no effect on slaves in border states.
Why didn't Lincoln attempt to abolish slavery at the beginning of the Civil War? Four Border States were fighting with Lincoln to preserve the Union; Lincoln didn't want to risk losing their support.
What were the Border States? Border States were slave-holding states that fought with the north (Lincoln) during the Civil War: Missouri, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland. (Later, West Virginia too)
Who was Dred Scott? He was a slave who sued for his freedom in a lawsuit called "Dred Scott v. Sandford."
Why did Dred Scott believe he should be free? Scott was a Missouri slave who had lived as a free man in Illinois. He claimed that once a free man, he could not be returned to slavery in Missouri.
How did the Supreme Court rule in the Dred Scott case? The Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was subject to the laws of Missouri: he was still a slave. The Court explained its decision as an example of states' rights.