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10B Civil War 2

Causes, Battles, Leadership

QuestionAnswer
When was the U.S. Civil War fought? 1861-1865
Who was Jefferson Davis? President of the Confederate States of America
Who was Ulysses S. Grant? Union Army General during the Civil War.
Who was Robert E. Lee? Commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia
Who was William Carney? First African American soldier to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor for service during the Civil War.
Who was Philip Bazaar? Seaman in the Union Navy who won the Congressional Medal of Honor
Why did Robert E. Lee choose to fight for the Confederacy? Lee had been working for the U.S. Army when the south seceded; sectionalism won out as he chose to fight for his state, Virginia, instead of working for the union under Lincoln.
What was the most important cause of the sectionalism that divided the country and led to the civil war? slavery
How were States' Rights a cause of the civil war? Southern leaders believed that slavery was a states' rights issue, protected by the 10th amendment.
Would States' Rights advocates be considered strict constructionists or loose constructionists. Strict constructionists: the federal government can only do those things specifically outlined in the constitution
What is the 10th amendment? Federalism: any powers not specifically given to the federal government belong to the states
How did the Civil War begin? Confederate forces attacked Ft. Sumter in 1861
What happened at Antietam? First battle to occur in the north; 23,000 casualties; Union won it; led Lincoln to announce the Emancipation Proclamation
Why is Gettysburg important? Turning point in the Civil War; the south tried to invade the north but couldn't do it. 1863
What happened at Vicksburg? The north got control of the Mississippi River.
Why was the Emancipation Proclamation significant? The war began as a fight over "preserving the union." The Emancipation Proclamation changed the fight to one about ending slavery.
How did the Civil War end? Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House in 1865
How did Lincoln's ideas about equality change over time? 1st inaugural - "I'm not going to abolish slavery"; 2nd inaugural - "slavery is bad"; Gettysburg Address - "enslaved people in confederate states will be free."
What did Lincoln believe about the Union of States? Lincoln was clear and consistent over time: the Union must be PRESERVED (saved).
How did Confederate President Jefferson Davis justify secession from the United States? Leaving the Union was a necessity, just like leaving Great Britain was a necessity in 1776.
Lincoln and Davis had very different ideas about liberty. How did they differ? Lincoln- liberty belonged to individuals (people should be free); Davis-liberty belonged to the states (states should be free to do what they want)
What advantages did the north have over the south? More railroads; more people; more factories; more farms producing food; money and banks
What advantages did the south have over the north? Fighting on their land; exceptional military leadership
What disadvantages hampered the north's ability to win the war quickly? Nobody knew how to lead an army or fight a war; the best military leaders had returned to the south
What disadvantages hampered the south's ability to win the war? Economy - their farms produced cotton - not food; no factories to make weapons; few railroads; no paper money
10B Civil War 2 Causes, Battles and Leadership
What happened at Bull Run? Early victory for the south at Manassas, Virginia; Convinced Lincoln that it would not be easy to win the war