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8th grade: Intro to poetry

Key traits of poetry - has a speaker - has rhythm - uses figurative language and literary elements
Explication to break the poem into parts to understand it
Steps of explication - decipher the literal meaning - determine the symbolic meaning - determine the universal theme
Prosody to study the technical components of a poem; includes rhyme, literary elements, and meter
Foot patterns iamb, trochee, anapest, dactyl, spondee
Rhyme words that sound the same
Rhyme scheme Pattern of rhymes, determined by that last word of each line, noted by letters
Literary elements the language used to create emotions and effects
Rhythm a pattern you see, feel, or hear; determined by the syllables of the words in the poem
Meter a measure of the audible rhythm of a poem; found by number of syllables, patterned of stressed & unstressed syllables, and scansion (the study of meter alone)
Ballad tells a story, meant to be sung or recited
Blank verse unrhymed, iambic pentameter
Concrete meaning is conveyed through visual means
Elegy speaker reflects on death, often to memorialize someone who recently died
Epic long narrative poem, written in an elevated/formal style
Haiku Japanese; 17 syllables in 3 lines, 5-7-5
Lyric single speaker, expresses personal thoughts and feelings
Ode type of lyric poem, serious themes like justice, truth, or beauty
Sonnet formal structure with 14 lines, specific rhyme scheme and meter
Slant rhyme words that almost rhyme (Ex: rain & again)
Common meter 4 iambs and 3 iambs
Created by: BCBundy



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