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Old Regime the political and social system that exsisted in France before the French Revolution
estate one of the 3 social classes in France before the French Revolution
1st estate clergy
2nd estate nobility
3rd estate rest of population (peasants, bourgeoisie, city workers)
Louis XVI King of France during French Rev. had to deal with lots of debt and was a weak leader
Marie Antoinette Queen of France, very unpopular
Estates-General an assembly of representatives from all three of the estates
National Assembly a French congress established by representatives of the 3rd estate on June 17, 1789 to enact laws and reforms in the name of the french people
Tennis Court Oath a pledge made by the members of the National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had made a new constitution.
Great Fear a wave of senseless panic that spread through the french countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Legislative Assembly A french congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791
émigré a person who leaves his native country for political reasons, like the nobles who fled France during the peasant uprisings.
sans-culotte a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners and small shopkeepers who wanted greater voice in gov., lower prices, and end to food shortages
Jacobin radical politcal organization
guillotine a machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution during french rev.
Maximilien Robespierre Jacobin leader, went out to build ¨republic of virtue¨ believed using terror was good for leading
Reign of Terror from mid1793 to mid1794, when Max ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and citizens were executed
Napoleon Bonaparte a military genius, went from officer in army to ruler of France
coup d´éat sudden seizure of political power in a nation
plebiscite a direct vote in which a countrys people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal
lycée a gov. run school in France
concordat a formal agreement- especially one with the pope and gov., dealing with control of church affairs
Napoleonic code a comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Nap born to party
battle of Trafalgar 1805 navel battle in which Nap gets wreaked by the British under the command of Horatio Nelson ledges
blockade the use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region // hint Nap tries this to hurt British economy, ends up hurting himself
Continental System Napoleons policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and Europe intended to destroy GB economy
guerrilla a member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy troops occupying his or her country
Peninsular War a conflict (1808-1813) in which Spanish rebels with aid of British forces fought to drive Napoleons troops out of Spain
scorched-earth policy the practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy cannot live off the land
Waterlloo village where french and british fought, french were defeated RIP NAPOLE
Hundred Days the brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French king and again becoming empreor
Congress of Vienna a series of meetings in 1814-1815 during which the Euro leaders sought to establish long lasting peace and security after Napoleon
Klemens von Metternich attended Congress of Vienna, wanted to prevent french aggression, restore balance of power, and give people bakc their rightful thrones
balance of power a political situation in which no one nation is more powerful enough to pose a threat to others
legitmacy the hereditary right of a monarch to rule
Holy Alliance a league of Euro nations formed by the leaders of Russia,Austria, and Prussia after the Congress of Vienna
Concert of Europe a series of alliances amoung Euro nations in the 19th century devised by PRINCE KLEMANTINE VON MATTERNICK to prevent the outbreak of revolutions
Created by: lillylulu
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