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9B Sectionalism

Events Leading to the U.S. Civil War

QuestionAnswer
9B Sectionalism
Why did Northern States Favor High Tariffs? The North had more industry. When Tariffs made imported goods more expensive, people purchased more domestic goods and northern businesses made more money.
Why did Southern States Dislike High Tariffs? The South was agricultural. They were importing more goods than the north and paying those high tariffs.
How did states in the west respond to High Tariffs? States in the west generally liked high tariffs because the money was used to build roads and canals which they needed.
What was the Missouri Compromise? Missouri was added as a slave state and Maine was added as a free state. It also said that the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36/30 would not allow slavery.
What was the Compromise of 1850? California was added as a free state; Fugitive Slave Law was passed to help slave owners recover runaway slaves.
What was the Fugitive Slave law? This law required people anywhere in the U.S.A. to assist in returning runaway slaves to their owners.
How did the Compromise of 1850 affect Washington, D.C.? Washington, D.C. was the national capital. The Compromise of 1850 ended the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
Were there any Free Black People in the U.S.A.? Yes. African Americans in the north were free and could own property.
Why did slavery continue in the U.S.A. for so long? Slavery was considered a "States' Rights" issue. Each state had its own laws, some allowing slavery, while others prohibited it.
How did the Fugitive Slave Law affect the south? The plantation system continued to expand, using more and more slave labor.
What was the Tariff of Abominations? An exceptionally high tax on imports passed in 1828.
How did the south react to the Tariff of Abominations? Nullification Crisis - South Carolina led by John C Calhoun declared the tax null and void
Why was the Nullification Crisis so important? South Carolina had threatened to leave the union if forced to pay the tax.
How did the Nullification Crisis end? Henry Clay proposed a Compromise law lowering the tariff and the crisis ended.
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act? This law allowed Kansas and Nebraska to be added as new states and it let them decide for themselves whether to allow slavery or not (popular sovereignty).
What was the DRED SCOTT decision? In 1857, The U.S. Supreme Court declared that enslaved people were property and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.
Why did the Supreme Court declare the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional in DRED SCOTT? Federalism and States' Rights: if the decision to permit slavery belongs to the states, the Federal Government cannot prohibit slavery above the 36/30 parallel.