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Chapter 27

TermDefinition
Jiang Jeishi leader of the nationalist Guomindang party in Chine, he was also known as Chiang Kai--Shek
Mao Zedong leader of the Communist party in China
Long March a 6,000 mile trek through China traveled by Communists to find a safe place beyond Guomindang control
Amritsar Massacre 1919 incident in which British soldiers opened fire on unarmed Indian demonstrators, killing 400 people and convincing many Indians that the British rule must end
Mohandas Gandhu leader of the nonviolent movement in India against the British rule
Kemal Ataturk leader of the military effort to claim Anatolia for ethnic Turks, which led to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey
credit an arrangement in which a purchaser borrows money from a bank or other lender and agrees to pay it back over time
Black Tuesday October 29, 1929, a day when investors sold off 16 million shares of stock, leading to a massive stock market crash
Great Depression severe downturn in the American economy that followed the 1929 stock market crash
Franklin Delano Roosevelt U.S. President elected in 1932 who increased the governments could limit or prevent economic downturns by spending money even if this caused an unbalanced budget
New Deal a government program that created jobs, spent more money in welfare and other relief programs, and regulated banking and the stock market
John Maynard Keynes British economist who believed governments could limit or prevent economic downturns by spending money even if this caused an unbalanced budget
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act a 1930 act that played heavy taxes on goods imported to the United States in order to encourage Americans to buy goods made in the United States
Manchurian Incident plot in which Japanese military leaders, acting independently of the civilian government, took over the Chinese region of Manchuria
Manchukuo a new state under Japanese control, formerly Manchuria
Anti-Comintern Pact agreement between Germany and Japan to work together to oppose the spread of communism and aid each other in the even of attack by the Soviet Union
Nanjing Massacre event in which Japanese soldiers murdered Chinese men, women and children after capturing the city of Nanjing
Benito Mussolini Italian dictator whose ideas led to drastic change in government and its view of Italy's role in the world
fascism authoritarian form of government that places the good of the nation above all else, including individual needs and rights
totalitarianism the attempt by a government to control all aspects of life
Joseph Stalin leader who worked to turn the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state in order to strengthen communism
Gulag a system of labor camps in the Siberian region of the Soviet Union
Adolf Hitler dictator in Germany who rose to power in the the 1930s
Nazi Party Germany's National Socialist Party, the political party of Adolph Hitler
anti-Semitism hostility toward or prejudice against Jews
Nuremberg Laws laws that created a separate legal status for German Jews, eliminating their citizenship and many civil and property rights
Kristallnacht Night of the Broken Glass, an attack against Jews across Germany that occurred on November 9 and 10, 1938
Created by: tinsleylett