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2C-The Amer. Rev.

2C-The American Revolution (8.24-8.25, 8.27)

TermDefinition
Battle of Trenton Washington crossed the Delaware River to lead a surprise attack against the Hessians in New Jersey on Christmas night; captured 900 Hessians and gained supplies
Battle of Princeton Washington led Americans to victory shortly after the Battle of Trenton; helped to keep soldiers from giving up and increased enlistment in the army
Battles of Saratoga American's victory here stopped the British plan to separate New England from the rest of the colonies
Valley Forge where Washington's army spent the winter in '76-'77; soldiers experienced great hardships; soldiers received extra training from foreign allies
Battle of King's Mountain British forced to retreat here with the help of the Over Mountain Boys from East TN; helped to bring more Southern support for the Patriot cause
Battle of Yorktown last major battle; aided by the French, Washington surrounded British Gen. Cornwallis & forced him to surrender; led British gov to sign peace treaty
George Washington Commander of the Continental Army
Benedict Arnold US General who became a traitor by trying to sell military secrets
Hessians hired German soldiers who fought for the British
Marquis de La Fayette French nobleman's son who came to America to help Patriot cause; an aid to Washington
Friedrich von Steuben from Prussia, helped train Washington's troops at Valley Forge
George Rogers Clark Continental Commander who fought successfully in the West; won the Battle of Vincennes (Fort Sackville)
Francis Marion known as the "Swamp Fox" because of his guerrilla warfare tactics
"The Crisis" encouraged soldiers and colonists to keep on fighting for the Patriot cause
Thomas Paine wrote "The Crisis"
Mount Vernon the home George Washington returned to following the Revolution
John Paul Jones successful American Navy Commander who said "I have not yet begun to fight!"
guerilla warfare surprise attacks from behind cover; unlike the European style of fighting out in the open
Over Mountain Boys soldiers from East TN who fought for Patriots and helped secure a victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina
Ben Franklin representative from Pennsylvania at the Continental Congress; visited France to persuade France to become US allies
Tories another name for Loyalists
Nathan Hale American soldier hanged as a spy by the British
General Horatio Gates commander of the American troops at the Battle of Saratoga
Abigail Adams wife of John Adams who spoke up for women's rights during the development of the Declaration of Independence.
Treaty of Paris the terms of agreement ending the American Revolution; written by John Jay,
Deborah Sampson Massachusetts teenager who disguised herself as a boy & enlisted in the Continental Army
Comte de Rochambeau French general who helped ; helYorktown
Battles of Saratoga American victory which convinced France to become our allies
Rhode Island the first state to have an all-African American regiment
Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley nicknamed "Molly Pitcher" because she brought water to the soldiers during battle
George Washington resolved the conflict between soldiers and Congress after Congress did not pay soldiers who had fought and won the American Revolution
General John Burgoyne British general who surrendered at the Battle of Saratoga
Deborah Sampson disguised herself as a man and fought with the Continental Army
blockade British ships blocked American ports, preventing supplies and reinforcements from reaching the Continental Army.\
Privateers privately owned merchant ships that were equipped with weapons in order to attack British merchant ships
Charles Cornwallis British general forced to surrender at the Battle of Yorktown
Created by: SDMS-Swain