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SS Finals Flacshcard

Finals Review Flashcards!!

Who Was The First European Explorer to explore Georgia? Hernando de Soto
What affect did Hernando De Soto’s New World expedition have on Native American? Many Native Americans lost their lives due to disease and warfare.
What type of animal did Hernando De Soto brought along to harass and attack Native Americans in battle? Dogs
What Country Did Hernando De Soto Come From? Spain
What Was Hernando De Soto Looking For? The 3 G's (Gold, God, Glory)
What are located next to major interstate highways and railroad lines which has effected their growth? The State's Two Deep Water Ports
What is the Interstate or Highway that cuts through the city of Atlanta in a diagonal direction from the northeast to the southwest side of the city? I-85
Of the four types of transportation systems located in Georgia, which is capable of moving the largest amount of cargo over land at one time? RailRoads
What Interstates or Highways in Georgia run primarily North and South? I-75 I-95 I-85
Delta Airlines, a Georgia company, is based out of the “busiest airport in the world” what is the name of this Airport? Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport
To whom did the Georgia Charter of 1732 give the authority to manage the new Georgia colony? Twenty-One Trustees, of which James Oglethorpe was the leader
Who was the translator/interpreter essential to negotiations in founding the Georgia colony? Mary Musgrove
Oglethorpe was active in bringing about reforms in which English system Prison System
With what Yamacraw chief did Oglethorpe negotiate for the site to begin the Georgia colony? Chief Tomochichi
According to the Charter of 1732, the Georgia colony claim stretched from the Savannah River southward to which other river? Altamaha River
which group of colonists were recruited by Oglethorpe to help defend the Georgia colony? Highland Scots
What was James Oglethorpe’s original intention for the Georgia colony in America to be? a debtor colony to help the poor of England get a new start.
Why were early Georgia colonists required to plant mulberry trees? to establish a silk industry in Georgia
What was the name of the 1742 battle between the English and Spanish colonists at St. Simons Island? Battle of Bloody Marsh
What was the Salzburgers’ main motivation for settling in the Georgia colony? religious
In the Charter years of the Georgia colony, what was one reason the English colonists were dissatisfied with the policies of the Trustees? The colonists could not own slaves.
Ebenezer and New Ebenezer were early Georgia towns established by the? German Salzburgers
When the Georgia colony was established, which religious group was NOT allowed to settle in it? Catholics
What was the significance of the Battle of Bloody Marsh? The Spanish threat to Britain’s southern colonies was ended.
Which famous ship transported Oglethorpe and Georgia’s first colonists from England to the new land of Georgia? The Ann
One year short of its original goal, Georgia was a Charter colony for ? 20 years
How did the Trustees of Georgia work around the Charter rules set for them by the king? They passed regulations rather than laws.
What was one impact of Spanish missions on the Native Americans along the barrier islands? Some Native Americans were converted to Catholicism.
. Why was South Carolina so pleased to have Georgia become Great Britain’s 13th colony? Georgia provided a defensive buffer between South Carolina and the Spanish and French.
the first European nation that attempted to colonize Georgia by establishing Catholic missions along the coast was? Spain
Who was George Walton? One of the three Georgians that signed the Declaration of Independence.
Who started out as a minister and then a doctor before becoming a politician? Lyman Hall
What attempted to end British control of Savannah? The Siege of Savannah
What is the name of the document that declared, ”All men are created equal”? The Declaration of Independence
Who was trained as a British military officer but went on to lead the colonist fight against the King of England? George Washington
What was the name of the document that the colonies used to govern themselves after they declared independence? Articles of Confederation
Why did the King issue the Proclamation of 1763? Britain was broke after the French Indian War
The colonists who wanted freedom from Great Britain were known as what? Patriots
What was the name of the document that forbade the settlers from going west of the Appalachian Mountains? The Proclamation of 1763.
What is Paul Revere best known for? The ride to warn that the British were coming and the Boston Massacre Propaganda
What did the 1765 Stamp Act do? Placed a tax on the sale of all printed materials
When did George Washington build Fort Necessity? During his time as a British Officer during the French / Indian War
In what part of the Declaration of Independence is it written that “All men are created equal”? The Preamble
Who Died in a duel with Lachlan McIntosh over who should lead Georgia’s Patriot Troops? Button Gwinnett
Why did Britain’s Parliament pass the Intolerable Acts? In order to punish the colonies for acts of violence in protesting taxes, such as the Boston Tea Party.
The Proclamation of 1763 established what as the southern boundary of Georgia ? St. Mary’s River
What is a military siege? When military troops surround the enemy and not allow anyone or anything in or out of the enemies position with the hope of causing them to surrender.
What helped provide much needed war supplies to the Georgia Militia ? The Battle of Kettle Creek
The Liberty Boys of Georgia formed to oppose which of the British Acts? The Stamp Act.
What was the meeting in Philadelphia called where they decided to write the Declaration of Independence? Second Continental Congress
Who would have benefited MOST from Georgia’s headright system? Poor white settlers
What scandal took place when Georgia’s governor and some legislators were bribed to sell public land to private developers at below-market prices? Yazoo Land Fraud
The treaties of New York and Indian Springs are BEST associated with which group? Creek Indians
What invention influenced the growth of slavery in the triangle of trade? The cotton gin
What was the most lasting, negative result of the Yazoo land fraud in Georgia? Georgia lost lands claimed West of the Chattahoochee River.
List Georgia's 5 capitals in order Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Millegeville, and Atlanta
By the mid-1800s, what were the two largest church denominations in Georgia? Baptist and Methodist
Which statement best describes a “land grant university” like the University The land for the university was donated by the federal government.
What was the first Native American newspaper? Cherokee
Where was the permanent Cherokee capital located? New Echota, Georgia
What discovery led to the final Indian removal from Georgia? The discovery of gold in Dahlonega
What name was given to the forced removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia? The Trail Of Tears
What Congressional legislation allowed Georgia to push the Creek and the Cherokee out of the state and to seize their lands? The Indian Removal Act of 1830
Who was the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court who ruled that Cherokee territory was not subject to Georgia’s state law? John Marshall
From 1777 to 1868, why did the state capital of Georgia move? As the population shifted westward, it was important to keep the capital centrally located.
What method was used by Georgia to distribute Cherokee lands to white settlers land lotteries
According to the map, what was the western boundary of the Louisiana Purchase? The Rocky Mountains
According to the map, what was the eastern boundary of the Louisiana Purchase? The Mississippi River
From what country did the U.S. buy The Louisiana Purchase? France
Which Native American group is associated with the Trailer of Tears??? Cherokee
Who was the commander of the Andersonville Prison? Captain Henry Wirtz
What were the two major campaigns fought in Georgia during the Civil War? Atlanta and the March to the Sea (Savannah)
What part of the “States Rights” argument said that states did not have to follow federal laws if they didn’t want to? Nullification
Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah? To end civilian support for the war and to shorten the war.
Why were black legislators expelled from the Georgia house and senate after their elections in 1868 ? Because they had the constitutional right to vote but not the right to hold office
How did the Atlanta Campaign effect the election of 1865? Many in the North wanted the war to be over, even if that meant electing someone to replace Lincoln.
What was the purpose of the Fugitive Slave Law? As part of the 1850 Compromise, It required the return of runaway slaves to their owners.
What was unique about the presidential election of 1860? It was the first time a candidate won the election with votes from only one section of country.
Who was Alexander Stephens? He was a US Senator from Georgia that went on to become the Vice President of the Confederate States of America
How would you describe the South’s position on states’ rights? The interests of the individual states should take precedence over the national government.
Who wanted to punish the South for their role in the Civil War? RADICAL REPUBLICANS
After the war who wanted to preserve the Southern way of life even it meant violence and intimidation? Ku Klux Klan
What did the Georgia General Assembly approve to show their support for the Compromise of 1850? The Georgia Platform which was also approved by our US Congressmen
Which event led to a special legislative session in Georgia to consider seceding from the Union? Lincoln's presidential election of 1860
After the Civil War, what happened to the commander of the Andersonville Prison? He was executed for allowing excessive cruelty at the Andersonville Prison.
Why was the Anaconda Plan which placed a blockade on all Southern ports so devastating? It crippled the South’s economy during the Civil War and kept other countries like Britain out of the war
Did the Emancipation Proclamation free all the slaves in the US? No, only in Confederate states
Which Civil War battle was a Confederate victory in northwest GA, but was not followed up by the CSA’s commanding officer, Gen. Braxton Bragg? Battle of Chickamauga
Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah? To end civilian support for the war effort and shorten the war.
Was Representation In the U.S. House of Representatives an underlying cause of the Civil War? No
What did the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do? It abolished slavery throughout the North and South.
Why did President's Johnson’s plan for reconstruction anger the Radical Republicans so much? They felt his plan was too lenient to Confederate leaders and did not offer enough support to the former slaves
What did the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution do? It gave all adult males, including blacks, full citizenship rights.
What was the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau during Reconstruction? To provide education, training, and social services for newly freed slaves
What allowed all black males the right to vote? The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Who most likely would have supported a plan for Reconstruction that included harsh demands on ex-Confederates in the South? The “Radical Republicans” in Congress
What was sharecropping? Sharecroppers owned nothing but their labor and gave the majority of what they grew to the land owner, usually their former slave owner.
The South passed laws which restricted the rights of freedmen so the US Congress did what? Gave equal rights and protection to former slaves by making them full citizens of the United States by passing the 14th Amendment.
Because they had the right to vote but not the right to hold office. Black legislators, including who were expelled from the Georgia house and senate after their elections in 1868 ? Henry McNeal Turner
Who felt it was important to help the South recover ASAP once the war ended? Abraham Lincoln and his supporters.
Created by: Samuel Pineda