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Unit 5: Ancient Rome


Corruption Dishonest or illegal behavior especially by powerful people
Civil War A war between groups in the same country
Patricians Upper-class citizens of Rome that have power
Republic Citizens vote for leaders who represent them in government decisions
Plebeians The common people that have little voice
Law of the 12 Tables A uniform code of law that all Romans had to live by
Province A territory that is part of a country or empire
Julius Caesar Roman Consul who took over Rome as the sole leader
Constantine Emperor of Rome that allowed Christianity to be practiced
What is a physical feature? Shapes that the land and water make on the surface of the Earth.
List two physical feature of Rome and tell how they impact (help and hurt) Rome? River- used for trade but caused flooding Mountains- give protection and cause isolation
What is a human characteristic? Hint: Not a human feature. Something that is man made or made by humans.
List two human characteristics of Rome and tell how they are used. Roads were used for trade and traveling. Bridges helped to connect places.
Explain how in Rome goods and ideas were moved over time by human characteristics and physical features. The river could be used for trading goods. The roads can be used for trading goods. Both help with traveling.
Describe the Patricians. (2 Characteristics) Upper-class and rich people of Rome,
Describe the Plebeians. (2 Characteristics) The low-class citizens with little voice.
What is the purpose of the Law of Twelve Tables? The Twelve Tables helped to give the Plebeians fair rights.
Why was it important for the Twelve Tables to be written down? The laws needed to be written down so that people would be aware of them and no one can say they did not know.
Who is Julius Caesar? Roman consul who made himself dictator for life.
How did Julius Caesar impact Rome? Julius Caesar made new reforms and connected territories.
How did the human and physical characteristics of Ancient Rome influence the development of civilization? Roads- help trade, increase economy, and help to build the Roman Empire.
According to legend, how was the city of Rome and its early form of government established? Rome is named after twin brother Romulus who is known as the first leader of Rome. It is said that Romulus never died but disappeared suddenly during a thunderstorm. People believe he went to heaven and became a god.
What was the social structure that existed in Ancient Rome? Patricians-rich upper-class citizens of Rome with power. Plebeians-the low-class common people with little voice.
How did an increase in trade affect the quality of life for Romans? People enjoyed the rights of the Romans and the benefits of a huge free trade zone increased the economy.
What is a factor that led to the fall of the Roman Empire? As Rome grew, military strength decreased (not enough army support)
How was Christianity started and what are the main tenets of this religion? The first followers of Jesus taught His messages. Christianity gave people hope and promise of a better life.
What is an aqueduct? A system used to bring water to the city.
How did the Roman gods & goddesses compare to those worshiped by the Greeks? The Romans worshiped the same gods.
Describe the Republic. Citizens vote for leaders who represent them in government decisions.
Who was Julius Caesar? He promised to fix the lives of the Romans, expanded the Roman Empire, and took power from the Senate to transform Rome from a republic to a dictatorship.
Who was Constantine? He decided to convert to Christianity, changed the treatment of Christians, established Constantinople, and created reforms.
Created by: Flatrock17



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