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1 semester exam

List the Reasons for Exploration (7): Curiosity, Fame, Wealth, Religion, National Pride, Foreign Goods, Faster and Cheaper Trade Routes
What was the importance of the Virginia House of Burgesses? It was the first representative government in America.
List three reasons why cash crops were grown in the Southern Colonies: Fertile Soil, Warm Climate, Abundance of Slaves
What year was Jamestown established? 1607
What two physical features separate North America from the rest of the world? Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
What year was Plymouth established? 1620
What was the name of the document written by the Pilgrims that provided self-government for their colony? Mayflower Compact
Where and Why was Jamestown founded? Virginia, For Gold / Economic Reasons
Where and Why was Plymouth founded? Massachusetts, For Religious Freedom
List three cash crops from the Southern Colonies: Rice, Tobacco, Indigo
What is representative government? A government that represents the interests of its citizens.
What did the Proclamation of 1763 do? It said that the colonists were not allowed to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Which British act required colonists to provide food and shelter for British troops? Quartering Act
Which British act required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing that a tax had been paid? Stamp Act
What are unalienable rights? They are rights that can’t be taken away from you
List the three unalienable rights mentioned in the Declaration of Independence: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Explain the significance of the following: 1) Quartering Soldiers Among the Colonists, 2) Depriving Colonists of a Trial By Jury, 3) Dissolving Colonists Representative Assemblies, 4) Imposing Taxes on the Colonies Without Their Consent They are all grievances against King George III. They were included in the Declaration of Independence.
What did Patrick Henry mean when he said “Give me liberty or give me death!”? Freedom was worth dying for.
Who was the King of England during the American Revolution? King George III
What was the importance of the Battles of Lexington and Concord? They were the battles that started the American Revolution
Describe the conditions of the Continental Army during the Winter at Valley Forge: Cold, Very Little Food, Disease, Very Few Supplies
What was the importance of the Battle of Yorktown? It was the last major battle of the American Revolution
Which document stated that the American colonies are “hereby recognized by Britain as free, independent states”? Treaty of Paris (1783)
Why did the American colonists not like King George III? They thought he was a tyrant.
Who wrote Common Sense and what was its purpose? Thomas Paine; It tried to convince the colonists to break away from England and declare their independence.
Which social movement were Sir Isaac Newton, Galileo and John Locke all associated with? The Enlightenment
Who was the Commander of the Continental Army? George Washington
List three American Advantages during the Revolutionary War: More Motivation, Knowledge of the Land, Outstanding Military Leadership
List three British Advantages during the Revolutionary War: More Money, More Supplies, More Experienced Soldiers, Well-Trained Army/Strong Navy
Which battle proved to be the “Turning Point” of the American Revolution? The Battle of Saratoga
Which volunteer from France served as an Advisor to George Washington during the Revolutionary War? Marquis de Lafayette
Which document was a blueprint for a new government in the United States? Articles of Confederation
What was the name of the law that allowed the United States to grow in an orderly way? Northwest Ordinance (1787)
What important power did the national government lack (not have) under the Articles of Confederation? To Levy (Collect) Taxes
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and Shay’s Rebellion led to the writing of which important document? U.S. Constitution
Where was the Constitutional Convention held? Philadelphia, PA
Which compromise dealt with the important issue of slavery? 3/5 Compromise
List three important contributions of James Madison at the Constitutional Convention: Read a lot of books, Came to Philadelphia with a plan for a new government (Virginia Plan), Nicknamed the “Father of the Constitution”
Describe the important principle of Federalism: A system of government in which power is shared between the federal government and the states.
List three Federalists and Two Anti-Federalists that attended the Constitutional Convention: Federalists: James Madison, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalists: George Mason, Patrick Henry
What year was the Constitution written? 1787
Which important principle describes a government that is divided into three separate parts? Separation of Powers
Who is generally considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”? James Madison
How old do you have to be in order to vote in the United States? 18 years old and a U.S. Citizen
List the Five Freedoms contained in the 1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Religion, Right to Petition and Right to Assemble
List an example of how the Legislative Branch can check the power of the Judicial Branch: The President appoints Judges to the Supreme Court
List two examples of how Congress can check the power of the President: They can impeach the President and remove him from office. They can override a Presidential Veto with a 2/3 vote in both the House and the Senate
Created by: LHall2908
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