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CIVIL WAR

project for cargill

TermDefinition
Freedman's Bureau established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65).
Andersonville a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp during the final twelve months of the American Civil War
Henry Wirz the commander of Andersonville prison in Georgia
Abraham Lincoln the 16th President of the United States during one of the most consequential periods in American history, the Civil War
Jefferson Davis president of the Confederate States of America
Robert E. Lee. the legendary general of the Confederate Army during the American Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant commanded the victorious Union army during the American Civil War
Alexander H. Stephens the confederate vice president(president at the time for the confederates was Jefferson Davis)
Hannibal Hamlin the union vice president(president at the time was Abraham Lincoln)
Election of 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected
Fort Sumter the first "fight" of the civil war, no one was hurt. located in south carolina
Major Robert Anderson union major who surrendered at fort sumter
The Battle of Gettysburg fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War(union won the battle)
Battle of Bull Run/ 1st Manassas On July 21, 1861, Union and Confederate armies clashed near Manassas Junction, Virginia, in the first major land battle of the American Civil War(confederate win)
Confederate States of America south side of the united states of america, they fought for there rights to own slaves
Union north side of the united states of america, fought for there belifes that slaves shouldn't be owned
The 13th Amendment abolished slavery
the 14th Amendment citizens would receive “equal protection under the law,”
the 15th Amendment granted black men the right to vote
Anaconda Plan a strategy created by Union General Winfield Scott in 1861, that would have a blockade so that the confederate army dose not receive any supplies from other countries/states
South Carolina first to secede from the union and home to fort sumter
Emancipation Proclamation after the qualified Union victory in the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation warning that in all states still in rebellion on January 1, 1863, he would declare their slaves “then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
Border states he slave states that didn't leave the Union. These states included Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. West Virginia, which separated from Virginia during the war, was also considered a border state.
Fugitive Slave Act A law passed as part of the Compromise of 1850, which provided southern slaveholders with legal weapons to capture slaves who had escaped to the free states
Sherman's March to the Sea/Savannah Campaign Major General William Tecumseh Sherman eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms
Siege of Vicksburg Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee converged on Vicksburg on the Mississippi River, investing the city and trapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton
Battle of Antietam Gen. George McClellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against General Robert E. Lee’s forces along Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17th, 1862.
Appomattox Court House confederate had supplies there but union was there first Messages were soon exchanged and Lee and Grant agreed to meet at the Wilmer McLean home at Appomattox Courthouse that afternoon. There, the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia was signed.
Atlanta Campaign Gen. William T. Sherman began battling the Confederate Army of Tennessee for possession of north Georgia
Civil War a war within the united states the confederate(south side) vs. the union(north side) the union won the war
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