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History Final Flash Cards

What is a major reason ​the​ ​American​ ​colonists​ ​of​ ​the​ ​1600's​ ​chose​ ​to​ ​settle​ ​along​ ​the​ ​seacoast and​ ​rivers?​ Carry out trade
Foundations of American Democracy Mayflower Compact House of Burgesses Albany Plan of Union New England town meetings
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Thomas Paine argued that the American colonies should break away from England. Tried to convince the colonists to declare their independence
Declaration of Independence “all​ ​men​ ​are​ ​created​ ​equal,​ that​ ​among​ ​these​ ​are​ ​life, liberty,​ ​and​ ​the​ ​pursuit​ ​of​ ​happiness.​ ​Declared independence from Britain
Shay’s Rebellion exposed​ ​fundamental​ ​weaknesses​ ​in​ ​government​ ​under​ ​the​ ​Articles​ ​of Confederation
Louisiana Purchase ​President​ ​​Jefferson​ ​got​ ​Louisiana​ ​Territory​ ​from​ ​France, he changed his​ ​belief​ ​that the​ ​Constitution​ ​should​ ​be​ ​strictly​ ​interpreted. Led to westward expansion.
Missouri Compromise Settled conflicts of the North and South over Admission​ ​of​ ​states​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Union
Compromise of 1850 Settled conflicts of the North and South over Admission​ ​of​ ​states​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Union
Manifest Destiny First used as a support of Westward​ ​expansion​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Pacific​ ​Ocean. It was first used in the Mexican War to justify the U.S. government actions.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War Transportation​ ​systems​ ​were​ ​more​ ​developed​ ​in​ ​the​ ​North​ ​than​ ​in​ ​the South. The South had more agriculture based while the north was more industrial based.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War Preserve​ ​the​ ​Union
Seneca Falls Convention Is often seen as the beginning of the Women’s​ ​rights​ ​movement
Reconstruction Period The period after the Civil War of reconstruction and where former slaves became citizens.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period During reconstruction, differences​ ​between​ ​Congress​ ​and​ ​President​ ​Andrew Johnson​ ​about​ ​how​ ​to​ ​handle​ ​Reconstruction​ ​led​ ​to​ ​the​Impeachment of President Johnson.
Result of the Civil War the​ ​power​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Central​ ​government​ ​was​ ​strengthened
Black Codes Following the Civil War, many Southern States enacted Black Codes to restrict​ ​the​ ​rights​ ​of​ ​formerly​ ​enslaved​ ​persons.
Native Americans After the Civil War, life was different, as well as​ their​ ​means​ ​of​ ​support​. It ​broke​ ​up​ ​their mode​ ​of​ ​living,​ ​their​ ​habits​ ​of​ ​life,​ and​introduced​ ​disease​ ​and​ ​decay​ ​among​ ​them.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Is an example of actions​ ​that​ ​reflected​ ​widespread​ ​nativist​ ​sentiment
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 Were a result of the​ ​movement​ ​of​ ​settlers​ ​onto​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Homestead Act of 1862 provided​ ​free​ ​land​ ​to​ ​settlers Contributed to the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Transcontinental Railroad Contributed to the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Three-Fifths Compromise Related to slavery and that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in respect to representation.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War Heal​ ​wartime​ ​bitterness​ ​by​ ​quickly​ ​bringing​ ​the​ ​South​ ​back​ ​into​ ​the​ ​Union.
Economic impact of the Civil War The​ ​South​ ​was​ ​left​ ​embittered​ ​and​ ​devastated​ ​by​ ​the​ ​war. The​ ​South's​ ​factories,​ ​farms,​ ​railroads,​ ​and​ ​major​ ​cities​ ​were destroyed​ ​and lay​ ​in​ ​ruins.The​ ​south​ ​remained​ ​a​ ​backwards​ agriculture-based​ ​economy​
Tenements ​Were​ ​first​ ​built​ ​in​ ​the​ ​nineteenth​ ​century​ ​to house​ ​the​ ​poor​ ​as​ ​cheaply​ ​as​ ​possible.
Women Suffrage Movement resulted​ ​in​ ​the​ ​passage​ ​of​ ​the​ ​19th​ ​Amendment​ ​in​ ​1920. was​ ​led​ ​by​ ​Elizabeth​ ​Cady​ ​Stanton​ ​and​ ​Susan​ ​B.​ ​Anthony​ ​before​ ​and​ ​after the​ ​Civil​ ​War
Battleship Maine Because of the sinking of the Battleship Maine off the coast of Cuba, ​America​ ​became​ ​eager​ ​and​ ​willing​ ​to​ ​go​ ​to​ ​war​ ​against​ ​Spain.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? ​North​ ​fear​they ​might​ ​become​ ​an​ ​ally​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Confederacy
Impressments ​The​ ​practice​ ​by​ ​which​ ​men​ ​were​ ​forced​ ​to​ ​serve​ ​as​ ​British​ ​sailors​
Women Suffrage Movement developed​ ​a​ ​declaration​ ​of​ ​women’s​ ​rights​ ​at​ ​the​ ​Seneca​ ​Falls​ ​Convention in​ ​New​ ​York was​ ​another​ ​reform​ ​movement​ ​established​ ​during​ ​Jacksonian​ ​Democracy.
Trail of Tears The​ ​forced​ ​expulsion​ ​of​ ​Indians​ ​from​ ​the​ ​eastern​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States
Why did the South secede from the Union? The first Southern States seceded from the Union after the Wilmot Proviso (The Wilmot Proviso proposed an American law to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War.)
Emancipation Proclamation declared​ ​that​ ​slaves​ ​in​ ​"rebelling"​ ​Southern​ ​states​ ​were​ ​free made​ ​the​ ​destruction​ ​of​ ​slavery​ ​a​ ​Northern​ ​war​ ​aim. discouraged​ ​any​ ​interference​ ​from​ ​foreign​ ​governments
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? assassination​ ​a​ ​few​ ​days​ ​after​ ​Lee's​ ​surrender
Muckrakers Writers who exposed​ ​social​ ​conditions​ ​in​ ​need​ ​of​ ​reform. (Child Labor, tenement housing, factory working conditions….)
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Blacks​ ​and​ ​women
Treaty of Versailles France​ ​and​ ​Britain​ ​insisted​ ​on​ ​punishing​ ​Germany​ ​for​ ​the​ ​war. A​ ​League​ ​of​ ​Nations​ ​was​ ​created​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​future​ ​wars​ ​and​ ​aggression. National​ ​boundaries​ ​were​ ​redrawn,​ ​creating​ ​many​ ​new​ ​nations.
League of Nations was​ ​objected​ ​to​ ​by​ ​Americans​ ​because​ ​United​ ​States​ ​foreign​ ​policy decisions​ ​would​ ​be​ ​made​ ​by​ ​an​ ​international​ ​organization
Why did US enter WWI? To​ ​make​ ​the​ ​world​ ​safe​ ​for​ ​democracy To​ ​protect​ ​American​ ​lives​ ​and​ ​shipping To​ ​uphold​ ​international​ ​law.
Americans reaction to WWI? they​ ​wanted​ ​insurance​ ​that​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​could​ ​stay​ ​out​ ​of​ ​the​ ​conflict
Lusitania sinking In response to the Lusitania Sinking…the​ ​U.S.​ ​demanded​ ​that​ ​Germany​ ​cease​ ​unrestricted​ ​submarine​ ​warfare
Zimmerman Telegram proposed​ ​an​ ​alliance​ ​between​ ​Germany​ ​and​ ​Mexico​ ​to​ ​conquer​ ​the​ ​U.S.
Progressivism ​use​ ​the​ ​government​ ​to​ ​create​ ​a​ ​just​ ​society,​ ​a​ ​political​ ​response​ ​to​ ​industrialism​ ​and​ ​its​ ​social​ ​by-products
Populism vs. Progressivism it differed​ ​from​ ​populism​ ​by​ ​progressivism​ ​was​ ​more​ ​urban​ ​and enlisted​ ​more​ ​journalists,​ ​academics,​ ​and​ ​social​ ​theorists
Rapid growth in cities caused what? need​ ​for​ ​public​ ​services,​ ​such​ ​as​ ​water​ ​and​ ​sewage shortage​ ​of​ ​housing​ ​facilities rise​ ​of​ ​slums​ ​and​ ​tenement​ ​houses
​The​ ​Missouri​ ​Compromise ​provided​ ​that​ ​Missouri​ ​be​ ​admitted​ ​as​ ​a​ ​slave​ ​state​ ​ Maine be​ ​admitted​ ​as​ ​a​ ​free​ ​state all​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Louisiana​ ​Territory​ ​north​ ​of​ ​36°30'​ ​except​ ​within​ ​Missouri​ ​itself​ ​to be​ ​closed​ ​to​ ​slavery
Anti-federalists opposed​ ​ratification​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States Constitution​ ​in​ ​1787​ ​was​ ​because​ ​the​ ​Constitution​ ​failed​ ​to include​ ​a​ ​bill​ ​of​ ​rights.
Created by: mackenzie80972