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Unit 2

Study guide for Unit 2

QuestionAnswer
Geronimo He eluded capture by the U.S. Army, which hoped to place him on a reservation.
Chief Joseph Nez Perce leader who said, "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more fever.”
Cooperative A way for farmers to work together to cut costs and increase profits.
Graft An illegal or dishonest way of gaining money or political power.
Patent Protected an inventor's rights to make, use, or sell his or her invention.
Social Darwinism The theory that the "fittest" people, businesses, or nations would succeed, while the "unfit" would fail.
Vertical Integration A way to reduce production costs by owning businesses that provide the services and materials upon which an enterprise depends.
Conspicuous Consumption The lavish spending of money to impress others.
Settlement Houses Community centers that offered education, skills training, and cultural events.
Jane Addams She established Hull House and fought for women's rights.
What did Sarah Winnemucca do? She was a Paiute reformer that called attention to the problems of American Indians. In 1880 she asked President Rutherford B. Hayes to allow the Paiute to return to their homelands.
What did Secretary of State purchase in 1867? Alaska
What reservation did the U.S. Army lead the Navajo to in 1864? They led the Navajo on the Long Walk which was a forced march to the Bosque Redondo Reservation in eastern New Mexico.
What invention created new jobs for women? The telegraph because it require operators.
What is a Monopoly? A business that has gained exclusive control of an industry.
What did the Sherman Antitrust Act outlaw? Trusts or monopolies that restrained trade.
Did the poor, working class Americans stay poor or get become middle class? They stayed poor.
What is Yellow Journalism? A new sensational style of reporting that included comic strips, advice columns, special women’s sections, and separate sports sections, fancy illustrations and photographs.
What did political bosses do to gain power and wealth? Political bosses managed the political machines and thus essentially the entire party.
What did the Populist party fight for? People’s Party; national political party formed in 1892 that supported a graduated income tax, bank regulation, government ownership of some companies, restrictions on immigration, shorter work days, and voting reform.
Did railroad owners agree with the Interstate Commerce Act? No
What did the United States government do with most of the treaties that they made with Native Americans? They broke them.
What did American laborers do to fight for better working conditions? They created unions.
What did the Civil Service Commission do? It was supposed to administer competitive examinations to those people seeking government jobs.
Created by: 5161