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The Middle Ages

Vocab Words

feudalism the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service.
fief an estate of land, especially one held on condition of feudal service.
manorialism Describes how land was distributed and who profited from the land. A lord received a piece of land, usually from a higher nobleman, or from the king.
serf laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate.
lord someone or something having power, authority, or influence; a master
vassal a holder of land by feudal tenure on conditions of homage and allegiance.
chivalry the combination of qualities expected of an ideal knight, especially courage, honor, courtesy, justice, and a readiness to help the weak.
excommunication the action of officially excluding someone from participation in the sacraments and services of the Christian Church.
investiture a ceremony at which honors or rank are formally conferred on a particular person.
Gaul a native or inhabitant
Domesday Book a comprehensive record of the extent, value, ownership, and liabilities of land in England, made in 1086 by order of William I.
Anglo-Saxons a Germanic inhabitant of England between the 5th century and the Norman Conquest.
parish priest appointed by the bishop to represent him to the local neighborhoods to speak with people
sacraments the rites of baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, penance, anointing of the sick, ordination, and matrimony.
monasticism monkhood is a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work.
cardinals nominated by the Pope and form the Sacred College, which elects succeeding popes
heretics person whose religious beliefs are in contrast to the fundamental beliefs of her church.
heresy opinion profoundly at odds with what is generally accepted.
tithe one tenth of annual produce or earnings, formerly taken as a tax for the support of the church and clergy.
monastery one tenth of annual produce or earnings, formerly taken as a tax for the support of the church and clergy.
Middle Ages the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century) to the fall of Constantinople (1453), or, more narrowly, from c. 1100 to 1453.
Created by: Kylo