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Unit 7-8 Gov/Civics

American Government/Civics Unit 7-8

Define public opinion and public policy. Public opinion - views shared by a segment of society on issues of interest. Public Policy - choices the government makes and the actions it takes in response to a particular issue or problem.
Explain what mass media is and how it affects political campaigns. Shapes the public opinion. Means of communication that provides information to large audience.
What is an exit poll and what is it used for? Predict the winners when in a close vote. It randomly selected fractions of votes.
What is a group of people who take part in a poll called? Sample
Define what a poll is and how they are used. Influence public opinion. Survey of people selected to provide opinions about something.
What are special interest groups and lobbyist? Associations of people who hold similar views and goals. Lobbyist contact public officials to persuade them to support the groups position.
What are political action committees and how do they relate to interest groups? (PAC)- raise and contribute money to candidates who support the group's interest/
What are the different types of interest groups? Social, Economic, Political
What is the most common party-system in the world and what party-system does the U.S. have? Mulit Party
What are the four main factors that influence voter behavior? Issues, background of voters, candidates background, party identification
What is the difference between open, closed, and direct primaries? Open- any registered voter may vote. Closed- only voters from that party may vote. Direct- candidates selected directly by voters.
What is the difference between hard and soft money for a campaign? Hard money- money donated directly to candidate's. Soft money- money is donated to the party of the candidates.
What is political socialization and give examples? Political Socialization -process by which inquire their beliefs. Mary becomes a democart
Describe the different levels of a voting district. District - Wars -Precinct
Review the political spectrum and where the political spectrum and where the political parties fall on it. Middle: modern (independent) - Right: (Republican) Left: Liberal (Democrat)
Understand and define civil liberties and civil rights and describe the differences. Civil liberties are basic freedoms to think and act. Civil Rights - rights that involve equal treatment / participation in government.
Review due process and where it comes from. Due process - 5th (federal) and 14th amendment (state)
Review the Constitutional Amendments. First- Freedoms, Second-
What is criminal law? What is civil law? Criminal law - crimes and punishment Civil law - dispute between people and/or property
What are the different types of trials? Bench trial and Jury trial
What gives the police the legal authority to search private property? Search Warrant
What are the types of defamation? Slander (spoken) and Libel (written)
What did the Supreme Court case, Plessy vs. Ferguson, establish? Separate but equal
Supreme Court case that declared segregation in public schools illegal? Brown vs. BOE
Explain the naturalization process. Process which immigrants become a citizen
What is a poll-tax? Money paid to vote.
Explain political/party platforms. Important issues that parties stand for (platform).
Created by: sara.crews
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